Technology

Will Vietnam develop space industry and own satellite beam?


Vietnam is developing a project to strengthen the national capacity for Earth observation based on a system of small high-resolution, ultra-high-resolution satellites using optical sensor technology, radar, combined with flying equipment. Driverless”.

According to the Vietnam Space Center (VNSC), the Embassy of Japan and the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Science and Technology (METI) have supported Vietnam to develop this project by establishing a research team.

The Japanese research team proposes a roadmap for the application of small satellite beams and the development of space industry in Vietnam. Photo: Trong Dat

Members of this research team include many reputable enterprises and organizations in the space industry in Japan such as Japan Space Forum (JSF), Japan Space Systems (Japan Space Systems), Mitsubishi Research Institute, Padeco and Japan Association for Overseas Technical Training (AOTS).

The task of the research team is to create a roadmap for the application of small satellite beams and other technologies in Vietnam, to investigate the possibility of making effective use of satellite data and to integrate existing satellites.

How will satellite beams help Vietnam?

According to a representative of the research team, in the second half of the 2010s, the number of companies launching satellite beams has increased significantly. The advantages of satellite beams are shorter re-visit times and lower launch costs due to the small size of the satellites.

Vietnam is developing a National Capacity Building Project on Earth observation based on a system of small high-resolution satellites.

Experts say that the satellite beam can help Vietnam in many different fields. In agriculture, satellite data will assist in crop management, produce uniform products and reduce farming costs.

“Satellite data can help observe heterogeneous developments in fields. Based on these data, the UAV will carry out fertilizing, watering or spraying,” the research team member shared.

In addition, the data obtained from the satellite beam also helps to predict, warn and estimate risks caused by natural disasters, droughts, floods, landslides, thereby supporting decision-making. determined.

Satellite image data helps bring a variety of information, serving authorities in strategic planning, forecasting, warning of natural disasters as well as supporting decision making.

In the field of security and defense, satellite beams can detect ships from abroad operating illegally at any time. The satellite will also help detect foreign-built man-made structures in national territorial waters.

With regard to the environment, satellite image data will help detect the location and extent of oil spills on the sea surface, monitor and give early warnings about water quality.

Vehicles and man-made structures at sea from a satellite view.

Faced with the potential applications of satellite beams, the research team has proposed for Vietnam a roadmap with 3 options to develop the scheme. The common point of this roadmap is the maintenance and operation of facilities from the LOTUSat project and the Vietnam Space Center.

The Japanese expert suggested further development of the MicroDragon line of satellites. Vietnam should also own 1 or 2 satellites for the new generation IoT and AIS/VDES and develop a small GNSS test satellite.

Pursuing space industry with Make in Vietnam products

The METI survey shows that Vietnam can increase the localization rate of the space industry in a number of industries such as manufacturing and assembling printed circuit boards, manufacturing electrical cables, handling metal materials, and manufacturing equipment. IoT, embedded software development.

When asked, many Vietnamese enterprises are not confident in their ability to manufacture products for space technology. However, they have a lot of motivation to enter this market because of the potential from improving technology, enhancing brands and expanding customer base.

Vietnamese engineers in the process of learning and practicing manufacturing MicroDragon satellite in Japan.

The challenges that Vietnamese enterprises face when participating in the space industry are the lack of information about the industry and financial capacity. Industry promotion policies and support measures have not yet reached businesses.

According to Japanese experts, not only large enterprises but also small and medium enterprises in Vietnam can fully participate in the space industry.

“The key point is the preparation of capacity. The government needs to develop capacity development projects to help businesses be ready and able to participate in this industry, ”said the representative of the research team.

Model version of the MicroDragon satellite. Photo: Trong Dat

The research team recommends that Vietnam should have a clear policy and roadmap for the development of the space industry, especially measures to support businesses. Vietnam should also encourage private companies to participate in the space industry.

According to a representative of the research team: “Vietnam can start by manufacturing satellite frames and processing metal components. In the next steps, it can be done in sequence from power cables, assembly and integration of printed circuit boards, embedded software and electrical and electronics.

Trong Dat

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