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Will Amrullah Saleh be able to free Afghanistan from the Taliban? Know the ground reality

Afghanistan Crisis: After the Taliban occupation of Afghanistan, Afghan citizens spread all over the world are in fear and panic. Although with the capture of Kabul, the Taliban talked about establishing peace, but the face of the Taliban in Afghanistan is really dangerous for the entire humanity. There is great disappointment among the common Afghan citizens due to the escape of big leaders like Ashraf Ghani. In such a situation, the eyes of the world are on former Vice President Amrullah Saleh, who is challenging the Taliban as the only voice to encourage Afghan citizens.

Who is Amrulla Saleh?

Amrullah Saleh, who was recently the Vice President in the ousted Ashraf Ghani government of Afghanistan, declared himself the acting President of Afghanistan and declared the war against the Taliban to continue. Coming from the Tajik community, 49-year-old Saleh started fighting against the Taliban at a young age. Once upon a time, the biggest enemy of the Taliban, Ahmed Shah Masood, is considered by Saleh as his mentor and role model.

Saleh worked as a spy against the Taliban, first with the Northern Alliance and then with the US intelligence agency. Saleh later held important intelligence positions during Hamid Karzai’s government after the Taliban was eliminated, but Saleh criticized Karzai when it came to Karzai’s talks with the Taliban. Saleh was also the Home Minister in Ashraf Ghani’s government.

Amarulla Saleh’s old relationship with former ambassador Vivek Katju

Vivek Katju, who grew up in Allahabad and lived in Delhi, was made joint secretary in charge of India’s Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan divisions from 1995 to 2001. At that time the Taliban was advancing. In 1996, the Taliban captured Kabul. At that time, Ahmed Shah Masood was also among the leaders of the Northern Alliance against the Taliban.

His abode was in the Panjsher Valley. Katju also met him. After that, when the US and NATO forces pulled the Taliban out of Afghanistan after the US attack in 2001, and the Northern Alliance forces also supported them. Then in 2002, Vivek Katju was appointed as the Ambassador of India to Afghanistan. Katju lived in Kabul from March 2002 to January 2005. It was here that he met Amrulla Saleh and then many meetings took place.

US intervention in Afghanistan

Vivek Katju says that today’s situation could not be avoided. There were many reasons for this. Initially, US forces in Afghanistan had a limited target, they wanted to remove international terrorist organizations, especially Al Qaeda, from Afghanistan. First they demanded from the Taliban to hand over the leaders of Al Qaeda to us because they are guilty of 9/11 attacks but the Taliban leadership did not do so. That is why America attacked there but at first America was successful. The Taliban was defeated and the leaders of Al Qaeda fled to Pakistan. It became more clear that he was in Pakistan’s refuge as Osama bin Laden was killed in Abbottabad in 2011.

Taliban flourished in Pakistan

Later on, the US target in Afghanistan changed slightly. As US President Joe Biden says, America got involved in nation building work there. Vivek Katju says that although the work of nation building can never be done by foreigners. That is what the leadership and the people there have to do. America did not succeed in this. Since the Taliban was not completely wiped out, it was clear that if the Taliban continued to find refuge in Pakistan like this, the Taliban would one day cross the Durant Line and try to establish their dominance in Afghanistan again. The Taliban went to Pakistan and the US did not try to eliminate them there, so Al Qaeda and the Taliban remained alive.

Russia also allowed Mujahideen to grow in Pakistan

Russia was also defeated in Afghanistan. Then America was helping the Mujahideen of Pakistan. In the 1980s, if Russia did not eliminate Mujahideen bases in Pakistan, they continued to flourish. On the other hand, the leaders of Afghanistan, especially after 2001, Hamid Karzai and Ashraf Ghani, did not try to challenge the Taliban ideology at the grassroots level. Confidence building was not done, especially in the Pashtun area.

illegal opium

There is a large amount of illegal cultivation of opium in Afghanistan. Illegal cultivation of opium hollowed out the system. It hollowed out Afghanistan’s political and social structure like a termite. Due to all these reasons, the trust of the people of Afghanistan in the government was broken. The result of all this was that when the Taliban came this time, the Afghan army did not compete.

Will Amarulla Saleh succeed?

In response to this question, Vivek Katju says with concern that I have known Amrullah Saleh personally for 24 years when he was young. Now he has achieved a lot of success. are very courageous. Very capable but the circumstances are different from 1990. Ahmed Masood’s son is with him but Masood’s brother has called his statement dishonest in the present circumstances. Saleh has raised the flag but it is difficult to say how successful he will be.

Saleh’s challenge to the Taliban

Katju says that Saleh is doing this with his confidence. Saleh is in Panjsher and Taliban forces are also trying to reach Panjsher. I have been to Panjsher Valley. It is a very difficult area. This is a suitable place for guerrilla warfare. It was here that Ahmed Shah Masood fought the Soviet forces. Masood was the leader of a very capable gorilla army. There will be a lot of practical problems in front of Saleh.

The largest group in Afghanistan is of Pashtuns, who are called Pathans. They have always been dominant. President Hamid Karzai and President Ashraf Ghani were also Pashtuns. The second largest caste after Pashtun is Hazara, then Tajik and then Uzbek. Apart from these large ethnic groups, there are also Baloch, Kyrgyz and 10 other castes. The ethnic composition in Afghanistan is quite complex. It is not that the rest of the castes have been united against Pashtun supremacy. Different castes have been working closely with the Pashtuns and there has also been a separation.

Read also:
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