Monkeypox Global Health Emergency: After Kerala, now a case of monkeypox has also been found in the capital of the country, Delhi. There is also no international travel history of the patient found in Delhi. Meanwhile, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared monkeypox as an international health emergency. Monkeypox has affected approximately 17,000 people in 74 countries. “I am declaring monkeypox infection as a global health emergency,” WHO chief doctor Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told a news conference.
He said that the expert committee meeting held on Thursday was unable to reach a consensus, so it was up to me to decide whether to declare it an emergency or not. “WHO estimates that the risk of monkeypox is low globally and high in the European region,” he said.
Monkeypox spread in 74 countries
According to a report by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published on 22 July, monkeypox has affected more than 16,800 people in 74 countries. An increase in monkeypox infections has been reported outside West and Central African countries since the beginning of May. This disease had persisted in African countries for a long time.
What is the main cause of disease?
Overall, 98 percent of those infected were gay or bisexual men. About a third of these had attended sex-on-site places such as parties or saunas within the past month before becoming infected. Tedros (Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus) said that, “the outbreak was centered in men having sex with men, especially those having sex with multiple people.” He urged all countries to work together with communities of men who have sex with men, to adopt effective information and measures to protect affected communities.
Why WHO Declared Monkey Pox as International Health Emergency?
Let us tell you that on 23 June WHO called an Emergency Committee of Experts (EC) to decide whether monkeypox is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Then the committee had advised Tedros that the disease had not yet reached the level of emergency. The second meeting was called last Thursday. Where Tedros said that he is worried about the increasing cases. After which now monkeypox was declared an international health emergency.
The first case of monkeypox was found in 1970
Monkeypox is a viral infection similar to smallpox and was first detected in humans in the 1970s. It is less dangerous and contagious than smallpox. According to a study conducted on 528 people in 16 countries published in the New England Journal of Medicine, ninety percent of cases are transmitted through sexual activity. This is the largest research of this kind to date.
recommended this vaccine
The European Union’s drug controller on Friday recommended approving the use of the smallpox vaccine, Imvanex, to treat monkeypox. Imvanex, developed by the Danish drugmaker Bavarian Nordic, has been approved in the European Union since 2013 for the prevention of smallpox. It was also considered a potential vaccine for monkeypox due to the similarity between monkeypox virus and smallpox virus.
What are the symptoms of monkeypox?
Talking about the symptoms of monkeypox, the first symptoms are fever, headache, muscle pain and back pain during the first five days. Later rashes appear on the face, palms of the hands and soles of the feet. After this, wounds, spots and finally scabs are formed.
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