Why often musculoskeletal pain in the cold season?

In cold weather, blood circulation in the body is worse, cold air enters the skin and causes blood vessels to constrict, blood supply to joints decreases, damaging cartilage and synovial membranes of joints, causing osteoarthritis pain.

Dr. Huynh Tan Vu (Head of the Day Treatment Unit, Ho Chi Minh City University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital 3) said that during the changing seasons, especially from autumn to winter and winter to spring, the weather usually cold, accompanied by humidity. In this weather, people with joint disease often feel more pain, stiffness, and difficulty in movement in the joints. The group of musculoskeletal diseases includes diseases: degenerative joint disease, degenerative spine disease, arthritis, rheumatism, herniated disc, osteoporosis – the disease is very common today.

When it gets cold, the temperature drops, the body tends to try to store energy, blood circulation is worse than usual. “Cold air entering the body through the skin, in places that traditional medicine calls acupuncture points, will also cause blood vessels in those skin areas to constrict, reducing the circulation of joint fluid and blood. The joints are limited or very little, so there is a lack of blood to nourish the joints, the synovial membranes and cartilage are damaged, causing pain,” said Dr. Vu.

Blood circulation in the body becomes less than usual when it turns cold and the temperature drops. That’s because the body tries to store energy, cold air enters the skin and causes blood vessels to constrict. When blood circulation is poor, it will reduce the circulation of joint fluid as well as blood to the joints, damaging cartilage and synovial membranes, causing joint pain.

According to traditional medicine, changing weather is a favorable condition for disease-causing factors such as leprosy (wind), cold (cold), low (humidity) to penetrate the body, stay in the joints, and cause pain. stagnation, poor blood circulation and pain in the joints. In which welding is a very important factor, so cold and wet weather makes the patient’s pain increase. In particular, in the elderly, bodily functions are impaired, making qi and blood work less efficient, unable to nourish the pulse, causing pain and degeneration of joints.

Keep body warm

It is necessary to strengthen the body to keep warm, especially the neck, chest, hands, feet, joints that are prone to degeneration such as (knee joints, ankle joints, wrists, hands…). When the joints show signs of pain and stiffness, it is necessary to warm around the painful area by rubbing oil or hot compresses, using ice packs, wormwood leaves with salt… so that the blood vessels dilate and blood circulates. be easy to feed the joints. Absolutely do not apply or rub hot oil directly on the acutely inflamed joint (swelling, hot, red, painful) as this will make the inflammation worse. In addition, avoid exercising outdoors when the weather is too cold, windy, high humidity or rainy…

Warm up the joint area

Hot massage with herbal compresses such as foot and hand bath with medicinal water, herbal body bath

Reasonable rest

To reduce pain, it is necessary to reduce activities and pressure on joints such as using canes, handrails, wearing gloves or stickers at joints, wearing belts, massage, warm compresses… longer than two consecutive hours. To prevent bone and joint diseases, you should give up the habit of sitting and working for too long in one position and take advantage of a few minutes to take a break from walking, gentle exercise will both help you feel comfortable and prevent degenerative diseases. neck, shoulder, spine joints.

Healthy eating mode

A reasonable, adequate and balanced diet to maintain a moderate weight, avoid obesity and overweight. Should pay attention to the diet such as supplementing with protein, collagen, vitamins, especially vitamins C, D and trace elements; at the same time eat a lot of foods containing a lot of calcium such as milk, bean products, nuts, vegetables…, pay attention to collagen.

Stay away from foods that can affect osteoarthritis such as stimulants, red meat, frozen foods, animal organs, fast food, foods that are hot, too acidic or too salty.

Drink enough water every day, because when the body lacks water, it can cause thickening of the blood, reducing blood circulation to nourish the joints.

Use medicine properly

When experiencing pain, stiffness, patients often seek quick pain relievers. However, experts warn that the abuse of pain relievers in osteoarthritis is very dangerous, not only causing side effects of stomach pain but also increasing the risk of heart disease, stroke, overshadowing the symptoms of osteoarthritis. causing the disease to deteriorate faster, cartilage and bone under the cartilage are more seriously damaged.

The reason is that some pain relievers, anti-inflammatory can have unwanted effects. For example, people with joint pain associated with gastric and duodenal ulcers, taking cortisone drugs (prednosolon, methylprednosolon, solu-medrol…) or aspirin can cause acute stomach bleeding if not detected in time.

Traditional medicine uses remedies and herbs that have the effect of spreading, spreading the cold, excepting low, communicating and energizing meridians to relieve pain. It is necessary to have a doctor’s prescription, do not arbitrarily use herbs according to rumors. It is best to see a rheumatologist to determine the cause (physical damage, osteoarthritis or just reactive arthritis). Should not be subjective, should not self-diagnose the disease (if not knowledgeable about medical expertise) and should not buy drugs for treatment, especially note that do not automatically use corticosteroids (prednisolone). , dexamethasone ,…) or non-steroidal drugs (meloxicam, mobic…).

Exercise bones

Many people with osteoarthritis are afraid of pain, so they do not dare to move, causing the joints to become more and more numb. However, when suffering from joints, people should exercise more often but gently to help blood circulation, cartilage tissue has conditions to absorb nutrients and increase fluid secretion, lubricating joints.

You can do reasonable exercises to improve joint function, or you can massage, use therapeutic methods. Instead of sitting in one place, every day only need to spend about 30 minutes to an hour to do exercises such as swimming, cycling, soccer, badminton, martial arts, tai chi, qigong, and yoga. oga…according to the principle of gentleness, individuality and when finished, feel the joints comfortable, reduce pain, and improve mobility. This is very useful not only for the skeletal system but also to enhance health, bring mental refreshment and work more effectively.


Using ginger oil or eucalyptus oil, medicinal alcohols directly massage the painful joints to warm up the joints and increase blood circulation, blood circulation.

Herbal compress

Applying heat or applying heat for about 20 minutes helps relieve joint pain.

Take a hot bath

Soak your feet in medicinal water, soak your hands in medicinal water, soak in a full body herbal bath: Joint pain in the cold season can be overcome by taking a hot bath for 15-20 minutes with painful joints. Note, the bath water temperature is moderate, avoid bathing late and bathing for too long, bathing time should be 15-20 minutes.

When joints are swollen, soaking in herbal baths reduces pain and reduces swelling in joints. Soak your feet once a day in the evening before going to bed, soak for 15-30 minutes. Soaking in herbal baths has the effect of soothing pain, preventing joint pain and also helping to prevent many diseases for the whole body. For full body bath, water temperature is 30-40 degrees Celsius, bathing time is 15-20 minutes.

“Hot water has the effect of reducing pain, increasing blood circulation, relaxing muscles, reducing muscle spasms and helping the patient to perform some active joint movements in the water,” the doctor advised.

Le Cam


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