Why do many young people have strokes?

Cerebral vascular malformation is the main cause of stroke in young people, besides being obese, inactive, drinking a lot of alcohol, increasing blood pressure …

Good stroke cerebral vascular accident, is a condition in which the brain is seriously damaged because the brain blood supply is interrupted or significantly reduced, causing the brain to be deprived of oxygen and insufficient nutrients to feed cells. Within minutes without sufficient blood supply, brain cells will begin to die.

The most characteristic and early warning sign of stroke is a transient ischemic attack. This is caused by a short temporary suspension of blood supply to the brain. Transient ischemic symptoms occur quickly, from a few minutes to a few hours. The patient suddenly had a headache, dizziness, numbness in his limbs, half of his body, difficulty speaking, difficulty walking, face drooping to one side, mouth deviation … After that, his body completely recovered in 24 hours. . Because soon returned to normal, the patient confused with wind hit or low calcium.

Specialist 2 Tran Trung Thanh, Head of Neurology Department, Nguyen Tri Phuong Hospital, said that about 7% of patients with transient ischemic attack will have a stroke within a week, over 14% of other patients have stroke for 3 months thereafter.

Dr. Pham Van Cuong, Brain Stroke Center, Military Central Hospital 108, said there are many causes of stroke in young people, of which, cerebral vascular malformation is one of the leading causes. The abnormal growth of cerebral vessels can cause bulging sacs with thin blood vessel walls, which can cause brain hemorrhage. In some cases, the blood vessels are dissected causing narrowing, embolism – cerebral infarction.

According to doctors, there are currently no effective measures to prevent cerebral vascular malformations. These abnormalities can be detected early by using contrast computed tomography, or by imaging a resonance scan of the brain vessels.

An emergency case of stroke patient at Bach Mai Hospital. Photo: TL

The second reason is smoke. About 50% of young stroke patients smoke cigarettes. Dr Cuong emphasized that tobacco contains about 7,000 chemical toxins such as carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, arsenic and cyanide. These toxins are transported into the bloodstream after being absorbed into the lungs, changing and destroying the cells in the body, increasing the risk of atherosclerosis, damaging blood vessels of the brain.

In addition, about 60% of young cerebral infarction patients have disorders of blood fat metabolismMen often meet more than women. Young people with unhealthy eating habits such as overeating fast foods and processed foods are increasingly facing earlier vascular diseases.

Obesity and inactivity also causes stroke in young people. Studies in the US show that about 10% of young stroke patients are overweight (BMI> 30).

30% of young stroke patients get sick diabetesabout 10% suffer hypertension. In Vietnam, diabetes among young people, even for children is increasing rapidly. Many cases have been reported in children aged 9 to 13 years, and young adults aged 20 to under 30 years.

Drink beer, In particular, heavy alcohol, is associated with cerebral hemorrhage in young patients. It is estimated that each Vietnamese person over 15 years old consumes 8.3 liters of pure alcohol in a year, more than the Chinese and 4 times more than Singaporeans.

According to Dr. Cuong, the sufferer stroke need immediate medical attention. The longer the stroke duration, the more dead brain cells will affect the body’s ability to move and think, even death. Most stroke survivors have impaired health or have sequelae such as paralysis, weak movement of a part of the body, loss of language, emotional disturbances, impaired vision … According to statistics In the US, 7 out of 10 people who have a stroke cannot return to their previous job.

According to the American Stroke Foundation of 2019, the number of strokes among young people has increased by more than 44% in the last 10 years, about 15% of stroke patients aged 18 to 50.

The doctor said that stroke in young people can be reversed thanks to healthy living habits such as actively exercising and exercising, limiting the use of fast food, processed foods, said ” No “tobacco, alcohol restriction … Young people should not subjectively assume that stroke only occurs in the elderly, but neglect early examination when there are manifestations of stroke disease such as hand paralysis. legs, mouth distortion, difficulty speaking …

Thuy Quynh