Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause abnormalities in the urinary tract or cause urine to back up and cause an infection.
A urinary tract infection (UTI), also known as a urinary tract infection, is an infection of several parts of the urinary system including the kidneys, ureters (tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder), urethra ( a short tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body)… Bacteria are the main cause of most UTI-related illnesses. The disease occurs in all subjects but is most common in women, especially pregnant women at high risk.
Hormones are the reason UTIs are more common during pregnancy. During pregnancy, hormones cause changes in the urinary tract and make women more susceptible to infections. Changes in hormone levels can also lead to vesicoureteral reflux, which causes urine to back up from the bladder to the kidneys, thereby causing a UTI.
Increased sugar, protein, and hormone levels during pregnancy also make pregnant women more susceptible to UTIs. Another reason is that during pregnancy, the growing uterus presses on the bladder, making it difficult to empty the urine. Leftover urine can cause infection.
Many women have group B strep in their colon and vagina, which can also cause UTIs and carry the risk of passing it on to the baby during pregnancy. The obstetrician will test for this bacteria in pregnant women between 36 and 37 weeks of pregnancy and prescribe antibiotics intravenously during labor if the result is positive.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Pregnant women should keep in mind the symptoms of a UTI such as urgent or frequent urination, difficulty urinating, burning sensation or cramping in the lower back, lower abdomen, difficulty urinating, burning urine, cloudy or foul-smelling urine… With a kidney infection, a pregnant woman may experience fever with nausea, vomiting, upper back pain (on one side only)… Symptoms of these conditions can be life-threatening. life of mother and fetus, therefore, it is necessary to examine and treat promptly if signs of disease are detected.
Urinalysis is used to identify bacteria and red and white blood cells. From there, the specialist doctor will review the level of infection in the pregnant woman.
Treatment and prevention of UTIs during pregnancy
Antibiotics are prescribed by your doctor to treat UTIs for 3 to 7 days or as recommended by your doctor. Usually, the symptoms will subside after 3 days, it is necessary to follow the dosage and dosing schedule, do not stop soon even if the symptoms have improved.
Some antibiotics can affect the development of the fetus, so do not take any medicine without consulting your doctor.
Usually, the infection mainly occurs in the bladder and urethra but can sometimes cause a kidney infection (pyelonephritis). At that time, the pregnant woman can become anemic, give birth prematurely, or give birth to a low-birth-weight baby.
Pregnant women should drink a lot of filtered water, wipe from front to back after cleaning, limit douche, avoid deodorants or irritating soaps, do not wear tight pants, do not hold urine for too long. , frequent urination…. These are all measures to help reduce the risk of UTIs.
Bao Bao (Follow WebMD)