Health

When to worry about breast pain? – VnExpress


Pain “double mountain” is usually not a cause for concern, but if the pain is increasing, the breast is exuding, there is a tumor, it is advisable to see a doctor soon.

Breast pain is common in women. The female sex hormones estrogen, progesterone directly affect the structure and size of breast tissue. During periods of hormonal changes such as pregnancy, while breastfeeding, or during periods, women often experience pain and tenderness in their breasts.

Breast pain usually occurs cyclically and non-cyclically. Cyclic breast pain is related to the menstrual cycle. The pain may come on at certain times during this cycle, usually early in the cycle or during ovulation. Cyclic breast pain is not usually serious. The pain usually radiates from the armpit area, one breast.

Non-cyclical breast pain can occur suddenly, unrelated to a woman’s menstrual cycle. Sudden breast pain is often caused by a general trauma, trauma to the breast tissue, or from joint pain, often as a constant sensation of pain in a specific area of ​​the breast. The pain can come on suddenly, gradually, or spread over the breast area.

Causes of cyclical and non-cyclical breast pain include trauma, oral contraceptives, antidepressants, breast infections… In addition, women who are in menopause, in Pregnant or lactating mothers are also prone to this problem. Choosing the wrong bra is also a cause of breast pain. Having muscle pain, inflammation, cysts or breast cancer makes women more susceptible to pain in the “double mountain”.

Most common breast pain will go away on its own. However, you should consult your doctor if you experience symptoms such as fever due to breast pain, breast discharge, increasing or unusual pain, detecting a lump (painful or painless lump), skin discolored breasts. In addition, sudden breast pain that occurs outside of the menstrual cycle should also be examined.

Women can palpate the “twine” to check for a tumor. Image: Freeepik

Factors causing breast pain and methods of diagnosis

Family history is an important factor affecting “twin mountain” health. You need to talk specifically with your doctor about your family history or genetic mutations that increase your chances of developing breast cancer. In addition to genetics, other risk factors for breast cancer include: patient age 50 years, early menarche, late menopause, breast pump, radiation therapy, drug use, obesity, use of stimulating surgery hormones.

Your doctor will consult and ask about your medical history and your family in case your loved one has had breast cancer. Genetic testing with blood and saliva will also be recommended for cancer risk. You will have a mammogram to examine the breast tissue in detail. Women aged 50-74 are recommended to have a mammogram at least every two years. Women at risk for breast cancer or breast disease should have their breasts checked more often. Other breast tests include: blood tests, breast ultrasound, CT scan, breast biopsy (recommended in cases of high risk for breast cancer).

Determining the cause of your breast pain helps you get the right treatment. Patients with breast cancer need to be regularly monitored for their disease status and stage of the disease. Most common breast pain is treatable with prescription medications and lifestyle changes. Patients should check their current medications, especially those related to pregnancy control. Choose a bra that fits your breast size, reduce salty and fatty foods, and reduce caffeine dosage as needed.

In addition, you can apply ice, heat and relax your body. Periodic health check “double mountain” to prevent the risk of disease for both men and women.

Mai Trinh
(According to Healthline)

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