Tonsillectomy may be indicated when a person has 4-7 or more tonsil infections in a year.
The tonsils are two small glands located at the back of the throat. The tonsils contain white blood cells to help fight infection, but sometimes the tonsils themselves become infected.
Tonsillitis causes swelling and causes a sore throat. Frequent episodes of tonsillitis may be the reason for the need for tonsillectomy. Other symptoms of tonsillitis include fever, difficulty swallowing, and swollen glands around the neck. The doctor may notice that the patient’s throat is red and the tonsils are covered with a white or yellow layer. Sometimes, swelling can go away on its own. In some cases, antibiotics or tonsillectomy may be necessary.
Tonsillitis and the need for tonsillectomy are more common in children than in adults. Doctors will consider the risks and benefits of tonsillectomy for adults with four or more infections in a year. A tonsillectomy may also be considered if frequent tonsillitis causes obstructive sleep apnea or difficulty breathing, said Nicholas Rowan, associate professor of otolaryngology at John Hopkins Medicine.
In addition to the number of episodes of tonsillitis, Dr. Rowan shared more consideration of the impact of tonsillitis when it seriously affects the patient’s quality of life. The cases noted by Dr. Rowan include the patient having to miss school or work due to illness, taking a lot of antibiotics, other prescription drugs, having repeated painful or uncomfortable symptoms.
Note when having tonsillectomy surgery
Patients should stop taking anti-inflammatory drugs two weeks before surgery. These drugs may increase the risk of bleeding during and after surgery. You should let your doctor know about any medications, herbs, or vitamins you are taking. You will also need to fast after midnight before having your tonsils removed.
Tonsillectomy takes about 30-45 minutes.
You’ll be under general anesthesia, so you won’t feel any pain during the surgery.
Tonsillectomy is a very common procedure but like any other surgery, there are some risks such as swelling, infection, bleeding, reaction to the anesthetic…
Some people may experience a sore throat after surgery, and pain in the jaw, ears, or neck after surgery. Patients should rest a lot, especially in the first 2-3 days after surgery. You should use warm water, soft food; Avoid hard, crunchy, or spicy foods for a few days after having your tonsils removed.
Pain relievers can help you feel better during your recovery. The patient should take the medicine exactly as the doctor prescribes. If you experience bleeding or fever after tonsillectomy, you should see your doctor. Snoring for the first two weeks after the procedure is normal, but if you feel short of breath, that’s unusual. Within two weeks of tonsillectomy, many people are able to return to school and work. Most people who have their tonsils removed have fewer throat infections.
Usually, tonsillitis is caused by a virus. Children are more likely to get the virus than adults. Most causes of tonsillitis are contact-related, which means a person is at higher risk if exposed to multiple viruses.
According to Dr. BS James Clark (ear, nose and throat department at Johns Hopkins Medicine – USA), young children and adolescents have a higher risk of tonsillitis, partly due to age. As you age, the tonsil tissue shrinks, so older people tend to be less susceptible to infections.
Avoiding germs by washing your hands often and not sharing cups or food with others can also help avoid tonsillitis.
(According to Everydayhealth)