Health

What should people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease do when they have Covid-19? – VnExpress


Patients need to keep clean, ensure nutrition, limit alcoholic drinks, indigestible foods and stay away from tobacco smoke.

Associate Professor Dr. Phan Thu Phuong, Respiratory Center, Bach Mai Hospital, said that in a recent US study of 387,008 people positive for Covid-19, there were 7,549 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (COPD), accounted for 2.07%, of which 62% of patients required hospitalization.

An alarming figure is that the mortality rate of Covid-19 patients with COPD is 15% (the group without COPD is 4%). COPD makes lung patients with Covid-19 prone to severe disease and high mortality.

COPD patients in the complicated situation of the Covid epidemic are advised to get vaccinated against influenza, prevent Covid-19, prevent pneumococcal disease, and adhere to the routine treatment regimen to help control the disease.

In addition, patients also need to strictly implement measures to prevent the Covid-19 epidemic such as: avoid touching the face, eyes, nose, mouth when hands are not clean; stockpile plenty of food, limit travel, avoid crowds; relatives must take care of the sick person; avoid exertion; chat online with friends and family to maintain mental and emotional health; breathing exercises, exercise…

People with COPD need to be careful before the Covid-19 epidemic. Photo: Tam Anh General Hospital

People with COPD who are also infected with Covid-19 should take preventive measures against the epidemic according to the general recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Health, such as washing hands frequently with soap and clean water, and disinfecting them. frequently touched objects and surfaces, keep the dwelling place clean, and open windows to ventilate frequently.

Patients also need to maintain healthy habits such as exercising at home, practicing daily breathing and eating a nutritious diet. Maintaining a reasonable diet, ensuring nutrition, vitamins and minerals in normal days as well as during epidemics is very important.

In addition, FO should also eat a balance of nutrients (50% starch, 15% protein, 35% fat), use fat from fish or plants, eat green vegetables, fresh fruits to supplement supplement vitamins, trace elements, especially foods containing a lot of vitamins A, C, and E.

In addition, the patient should drink enough water during the day (2-3 liters) to limit constipation, help dilute sputum, and help cough and sputum easily; Limit drinks and foods that can cause bloating, indigestion, carbonated drinks, and alcoholic beverages. Patients need to quit smoking and stay away from smokers, and get an annual flu shot and a pneumococcal vaccine to protect their lungs.

Thanh Thu

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