Health

What role does breast milk play in a child’s development? – VnExpress


Direct absorption of breast milk helps children reduce the risk of respiratory infections; enhance brain and eye development; increase body immunity.

According to specialist doctor II Dinh Thi Kim Lien – Nutrihome Nutrition Clinic System – breast milk is the best and important source of nutrition in the development of young children, especially in the first years of life. Good quality breast milk, easy to absorb, easy to digest. Breast milk contains 60% whey protein and 40% casein; full of essential amino acids, balanced ratio, suitable for children. Casein in breast milk helps reduce respiratory infections, diarrhea, ear infections and allergies. In breast milk, there are many unsaturated fatty acids, precursors of DHA and ARA, which are good for brain and eye development in young children.

Breast milk contains lipase, an enzyme that helps digest and absorb fats. Therefore, when babies use breast milk, although the amount of fat is high, the digestion is good and the stomach is not full. Minerals in breast milk are also complete. Breast milk is iron enough, easy to absorb; Vitamin C contributes to iron absorption, protects the body against oxidation. Vitamin C is very easily oxidized and volatile, so when babies drink directly from breast milk, they will take advantage of that vitamin C source and the amount of iron in breast milk is low, but babies still absorb it well.

Children who drink breast milk for a long time from one year of age until supplemented with food, without adequate food, will be susceptible to iron deficiency because the amount of breast milk and iron is moderate enough to meet the needs of young children. In addition to important vitamins and nutrients, breast milk also plays an immune role. When a child is born, the body’s immune system is not yet formed. The process of forming a complete immune system of children like adults will take 5 years. So, during the first years of life, antibodies in the mother’s body will be carried from breast milk to the baby’s body, helping to protect the body against many infections.

When babies are breastfed, the rate of infection is low. In colostrum, immune cells contain many antibodies and some substances have a strengthening effect against viruses. The fatty acids in breast milk have the ability to break some of the envelope of an enveloped virus, thus helping the baby to avoid infection with that bacteria.

In addition to the nutritional role, breast milk also works to reduce the risk of overweight and obesity in young children. When babies are breastfed, they have a lower risk of diabetes and heart disease in adulthood. Because breastfed babies can self-regulate the amount of food brought into the body, depending on the needs of each child. In particular, insulin levels in the blood of breastfed babies are also low…

When babies are breastfed, it is important to form a mother-infant bond. If the child is breastfed, the mother’s love for the mother is greatly stimulated, increasing the mother’s love for the child; help children perceive and recognize their mothers better and develop their brains faster.

Breastfeeding also protects the mother’s health, delays pregnancy, reduces the risk of postpartum bleeding, reduces the risk of breast and ovarian cancer… It is found that the percentage of mothers who do not breastfeed When you are older, you will have an increased risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer in middle age. When the baby is breastfed, it will help the mother quickly return to her original shape. Taking advantage of breast milk will bring benefits to both mother and baby.

Thu Ky

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