White spots on the throat can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi that cause oral thrush, sore throat, and herpes.
Several types of infections can cause white spots on your throat including bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. Depending on the cause of the white spots, you may not need treatment. For example, if it’s caused by a virus, the white spots will usually go away on their own. If it’s caused by a bacterial or yeast infection, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic or antifungal medication.
Here are some diseases that can cause white spots on the neck and how to treat them Healthline (America).
A sore throat can be a sign of a strep throat infection. Some people infected with this contagious bacteria will also have white spots on the tonsils or in the throat. Other symptoms of strep throat include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, pain when swallowing, redness and swelling of the throat or tonsils, swelling of the neck glands, headache, and rash.
If it’s strep throat, your doctor will likely prescribe antibiotics, possibly over-the-counter pain relievers. Untreated strep can lead to serious complications such as acute rheumatic fever or peritoneal abscess.
Infectious mononucleosis caused by a highly contagious viral infection can cause white spots on your tonsils and in your throat. In addition, the patient also has other symptoms such as fever, fatigue, enlarged tonsils, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes.
Treatment of this disease focuses on reducing symptoms. Secondary infections may require antibiotics. Your doctor may advise you to get plenty of rest, prescribe over-the-counter pain relievers for headaches, fever or sore throat, and prescribe oral steroids if symptoms are severe.
Oropharyngeal Candida infection
Oropharyngeal candidiasis is a yeast infection of the mouth and throat. It can cause white spots in these locations. Thrush is more common in infants and people with weakened immune systems. Other symptoms include redness, sore throat, and pain when swallowing. To treat oral thrush, your doctor will likely prescribe an antifungal medication.
Infants with oral thrush can be treated with a liquid antifungal medication. Doctors may also recommend that mothers apply antifungal cream to their nipples and areola before breastfeeding.
Oral and genital herpes
Oral herpes (HSV-1) is a common viral infection. It can be spread through kissing, oral sex, or sharing utensils or cups with someone who is sick.
Genital herpes (HSV-2) is an infection spread through sexual contact. The most common symptom of oral herpes is pain on the lips. The most common symptom of genital herpes is soreness in the genital area. Both of these infections can occur without symptoms.
The HSV-1 and HSV-2 viruses can cause sores and white spots to appear on the throat and tonsils. Some of the more common symptoms with an infection include tingling or itching in the ulcerated area, fever, flu-like symptoms, sore throat, urinary symptoms.
Oral and genital herpes is difficult to treat. Your doctor may consider antiviral medications, topical anesthetics that can help with sore throats… If you notice white spots on your throat that don’t go away in a few days, see your doctor. You can take pictures of the nodules on your throat as they progress over the days so your doctor can see a change.
(According to Healthline)