Warning signs of throat cancer

Prolonged sore throat, difficulty swallowing, neck swelling, nosebleeds… are common signs of nasopharyngeal cancer.

Nasopharyngeal cancer usually originates in the oropharynx. Nasopharyngeal cancer has many types including: laryngeal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, and hypopharyngeal cancer.

The most common cause of oropharyngeal cancer is environmental. In particular, smoking is the main cause, alcohol and the habit of chewing betel nut increases the risk of oropharyngeal cancer. The symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer depend on the location of the tumor. Tumors growing in the vocal cords can make the person unable to speak. When nasopharyngeal cancer develops in the pharynx, it disrupts breathing, chewing, or swallowing.

Persistent sore throat, neck swelling and difficulty swallowing are just some of the signs of throat cancer. There are also other early signs that affect basic functions such as eating, breathing and speaking. Local spread of nasopharyngeal cancer to nearby tissues in the pharynx and larynx can lead to the following common symptoms:

Persistent sore throat: This is the most common early warning sign of throat cancer. Cancer in the throat can cause pain or discomfort in the throat. A persistent sore throat that doesn’t usually go away with swallowing.

Change the voice: Cancer in the larynx can change a person’s voice, making it sound more hoarse than usual. People with nasopharyngeal cancer may also have difficulty pronouncing certain words or sounds.

Pain or difficulty swallowing: Difficulty swallowing was one of the first reported throat cancer symptoms. People at risk for oropharyngeal cancer often experience pain when swallowing, a burning sensation when chewing and swallowing food.

Swollen throat, difficulty swallowing warns of oropharyngeal cancer. Image: Freepik

Swollen lymph nodes in the neck: Swollen lymph nodes indicate that the body is fighting an illness. A lump in the neck caused by an enlarged lymph node, especially when it grows slowly and doesn’t go away, is a common early sign of nasopharyngeal cancer.

Weight loss: Like other cancers, unexplained weight loss is a common symptom. Weight loss can be aggravated by difficulty eating, painful swallowing.

In addition to the common signs above, throat cancer also has some less common signs such as nosebleeds, ear pain, headache, coughing up blood, phlegm, chronic sinus infection, persistent stuffy nose. , persistent bad breath, jaw stiffness, generalized swelling in eyes, jaw, neck and throat.

These symptoms are less common because they develop in the late stages. Advanced nasopharyngeal cancer can lead to metastasis or spread throughout the body. For example, nasopharyngeal cancer that has spread to the lungs can cause shortness of breath, and metastases to the bones can cause bone pain. Some nasopharyngeal cancer symptoms can be confused with conditions like the common cold. If you experience the above symptoms, you should see your doctor early for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Mr. Chi (Follow VeryWellHealth)


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