Children urinating frequently, thirsting for water, and poor eyesight are warning signs of diabetes risk.
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is a chronic disease that affects children of all ages. This is an autoimmune disease that destroys the cells of the pancreas, causing the pancreas to produce little or no insulin. When the pancreas can’t produce and release enough insulin, but blood sugar remains chronically high, it causes problems.
To reduce the risk of diabetes and intervene early for children, parents can look out for warning signs related to blood sugar changes.
When blood sugar is high, the kidneys try to restore balance by excreting excess sugar in the urine (glucosuria), causing the body to excrete large amounts of water resulting in the need to urinate frequently. For children wearing diapers, parents may observe that the diaper is more waterlogged than usual.
Children with type 1 diabetes have a greater need to urinate, leading to more dehydration. Frequent urination in children causes fluid imbalance and dehydration, so even if the child drinks large amounts of water or other liquids, the child will still experience extreme thirst that is difficult to quench.
Increase appetite when losing weight
The body relies on insulin to transport sugar into the cells, from where the cells use the sugar for energy. Without enough insulin, the body’s tissues fall into a state of lack of energy needed to function, thereby increasing appetite and feeling hungry all the time.
For children as young as 1-3 years old, when hungry children do not know how to express through words but they can show their hunger by cranking, fussing and whining. Children may also eat average or larger portions of food but lose weight instead of gaining weight.
Because the body’s cells do not have enough sugar to convert into energy, children often feel tired. Signs of fatigue in young children include excessive sleep, drowsiness, lethargy or lack of energy.
Sudden change of vision
Children with diabetes often have vision changes, poor vision or even blurred vision because excess sugar in the blood damages blood vessels, including those that supply blood to the retina of the eye.
Although young children can’t say they can’t see well or that things are blurry, they often do this by bringing objects closer to their eyes than necessary, sitting close to the television, or not responding to movements in the eye. long-distance.
When you have type 1 diabetes, high blood sugar creates an ideal environment for Candida to grow in moist areas of the body. Frequent urination and wearing wet diapers for long periods of time also put babies at risk of diaper rash caused by yeast infections from type 1 diabetes.
When the body cannot use sugar for energy efficiently, the organs must burn fat for energy. When fats are broken down, a by-product called ketones is created. Ketones build up in the blood and are used as an alternative energy source. Ketones interfere with the body’s pH balance (the balance of acids and alkalis) leading to metabolic acidosis that leaves the body with fruity breath.
The development of metabolic acidosis plus the disrupted pH balance in the body can cause abnormal behaviors in the child. The child may be disoriented, lethargic, or have increased irritability, moodiness, restlessness, fussiness, and temper tantrums.
Poor wound healing
The transport of amino acids that are a building block of proteins into cells requires insulin. Because people with type 1 diabetes don’t have enough insulin, protein breakdown increases. The breakdown of proteins in the body reduces the body’s ability to heal and repair damaged cells. As a result, children with type 1 diabetes have a slower healing rate, impact injuries bruise easily, and take longer to recover.
Metabolic acidosis disrupts the body’s natural pH balance because ketones can make the blood acidic (lower pH). To restore the pH to normal, the body responds by increasing the breathing rate which raises the pH of the blood by increasing the oxygen concentration but this reduces the amount of carbon dioxide. As a result, the child has to breathe hard and breathe quickly.
According to experts, if children have abnormal signs such as weight loss, fatigue, thirst and hunger more, wounds are slow to heal… parents should have their children do tests for diabetes.
(According to VeryWellHealth)