The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that each adult eat no more than 5 g of salt a day, while Vietnamese eat 9.4 g of salt.
Deputy Minister of Health Tran Van Thuan said as above, at the conference on campaigning to reduce salt consumption, on September 30.
“Salt is essential for the body, but excess salt intake is a major risk factor for high blood pressure, cerebral vascular accident, myocardial infarction. It also increases the risk of stomach cancer, kidney failure.” , osteoporosis and many other health disorders “, Mr. Thuan emphasized.
According to Mr. Thuan, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the world, accounting for 30% of all global deaths, mainly due to cerebrovascular disease and ischemic heart disease. Most people who die from Covid-19 have an underlying medical condition such as hypertension, heart disease or other chronic illnesses. Cardiovascular disease prevention and control is the priority health program of countries, which control risk factors for cardiovascular disease, especially due to excess salt intake.
In Vietnam, high salt intake contributes to increased incidence of high blood pressure and death from cardiovascular diseases. One in five adults has high blood pressure, and one in three deaths is due to cardiovascular disease.
In 2016, an estimated 82,000 died from a stroke, and nearly 68,000 died from ischemic heart disease. The total of these two diseases accounts for 27% of all deaths nationwide.
Mr. Kidong Park, WHO Representative in Vietnam, said that each year 4.1 million people die worldwide from excess salt intake. Currently, 75 countries around the world have strategies to reduce salt consumption as recommended by WHO. Many countries have successfully reduced salt intake for people such as China, Japan, Great Britain, Finland, and America.
“If complying with the recommendation to reduce salt intake, each year 2.5 million people will be saved from the risk of death,” said Kidong Park.
Unlike developed countries, Vietnam’s salt consumption is mainly in families, when cooking, dipping / mixing fish sauce, salt, and spices on the dining table.
The Ministry of Health recommends halving the daily salt intake by “adding less salt when cooking; dabbing lightly when eating; reducing salty foods when choosing foods, when cooking and when eating”.
Deputy Minister Thuan suggested that the local health sector should communicate to reduce salt in the diet in the community. Health facilities, especially commune health stations, increase blood pressure measurement and check for all people aged 18 years and over, combined with guidance and counseling to reduce salt intake for patients receiving increased treatment. blood pressure, diabetes and other chronic illnesses.