The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IACR) assessed that in 2020, Vietnam ranked 92 out of 185 countries and territories in terms of cancer rate, an increase of 7 places compared to 2018.
This report is updated every two years. In 2020, the rate of cancer in Vietnam is 159.7 / 100,000, ranking 16th in Asia. In 2018, Vietnam ranked 99 in 185 countries and territories, with a cancer rate of 151.4 per 100,000 population. So after two years, Vietnam has increased 7 places in the world cancer ranking.
In the past two years, Vietnam recorded 182,563 new cancer cases. In which, the 5 most common types of cancer in Vietnam in 2020 include liver cancer (14.5%), lung cancer (14.4%), breast cancer in women (11.8%), and stomach cancer. thick (9.8%), colorectal cancer (9%).
The world increased 2.3 million new cases of cancer compared to 2018, bringing the number of cases to nearly 19.3 million. The number of deaths increased from 9.6 million in 2018 to 9.96 million in 2020. It is estimated that one in 5 people has cancer.
Female breast cancer is the most common cancer worldwide (11.7% of all new cases), followed by lung cancer (11.4%), colorectal cancer (10.0 %), prostate cancer (7.3%), and stomach cancer (5.6%). In which, lung cancer was the leading cause of death (18%), followed by colorectal cancer (9.4%), liver cancer (8.3%), stomach cancer (7 , 7%) and breast cancer in women (6.9%).
In men, lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer, followed by prostate cancer and colorectal cancer. In women, breast cancer is the most common, followed by colorectal cancer and lung cancer.
Breast cancer is currently the leading cause of cancer worldwide, surpassing lung cancer, said Dr. Freddie Bray, Head of Cancer Surveillance at IARC. It is estimated that in about 2.3 million new cases, for every eight cancers diagnosed, there is one case of breast cancer.
According to the IARC, dramatic changes in lifestyle, socio-cultural context and environment have a major impact on breast cancer risk in many countries with low and moderate human development index (HDI). . Risk factors include postponement and low birth control as well as lack of physical activity and excess body fat. Breast cancer mortality and survival are lower in countries with low HDIs, largely due to late detection.
The 10 countries with the highest incidence of cancer are the developed ones: Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, USA, Denmark, Belgium, the Netherlands, Canada, France and Hungary.
In Asia, Japan is the country with the highest cancer rate (285 / 100,000 population); then to Korea (243 / 100,000 inhabitants). In third place was Singapore (233 / 100,000 inhabitants), followed by China with 205 / 100,000 inhabitants.
Le Cam (According to the IARC)