Vaccine distribution inequality Covid-19 threatens a global recovery

The number of Covid-19 cases in the world is on a downward trend, but the uneven distribution of vaccines will slow the recovery of the global economy, according to the United Nations (UN) on February 3.

Globally, 3.7 million new nCoV infections were reported in the last week of January, down 13% from the previous week, based on a World Health Organization (WHO) report. The number of deaths during the week also decreased by 1%. Compared to the expected 5.5 million per week, this is a good sign, but more than 3 million people with nCoV are still too large, said Mike Ryan, head of the emergency medical program. WHO levels, comment. “The rain has subsided, but the sun has not yet dawned,” Ryan said during a question and answer session at WHO headquarters in Geneva.

Health experts warn the newly discovered nCoV variant in the UK, South Africa and Brazil could add fuel to the fire, exacerbating epidemics in many countries. The new variant resulted in an increase in cases and more people hospitalized or killed. However, according to Maria Van Kerkhove, head of WHO’s unit on animal diseases and emerging diseases, even in areas where virus variants emerge, the number of people with Covid-19 has decreased.

In the UK, the number of new infections fell 31% in the last week of January. South Africa also recorded a drop of 44%. “This is important because people are often scared when they hear a variant or virus, but we are not going to let go of the weapon now,” she said.

The appearance of the nCoV variants has not surprised scientists, because the virus can change as it spreads. What they fear is that the variants, especially B.1.351 in South Africa, may reduce the effectiveness of the vaccine. While pharmaceutical companies claim their Covid-19 vaccine can fight new variants, health experts emphasize the importance of stopping the virus from spreading and changing, in parallel with vaccine deployment. .

A Covid-19 vaccination site at Gillette Stadium in Foxborough, Massachusetts (USA). Image: AFP.

However, not all countries have access to the vaccine. Countries starting immunization programs are all in the higher-income group, according to WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. The WHO urges other countries to register Covax, a program aimed at providing vaccines to poor countries, with the expectation of distributing 2.3 billion doses by the end of 2021.

Covax operators announced that they have allocated at least 330 million doses to poorer countries and hope to begin delivery by the end of February or early March. The first doses of the vaccine will be for at-risk groups highest muscle as medical staff.

Ryan said the program will help countries reopen economies, while reducing the burden on the health care system. However, this can only be achieved when all countries have minimal vaccines. “To get back to normal life, we need a level playing field. Right now, uneven vaccine distribution is an injustice,” said Ryan.

Mai Dung (According to the CNBC)


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