Health

Urinary tract infections can have sex? – VnExpress


Having sex when the urinary tract is infected can increase the burning sensation, increasing the risk of transmitting many dangerous bacteria.

Doctor – Doctor Nguyen Hoang Duc, Head of Urology Department of Tam Anh General Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, said urinary tract infection or UTI is a condition in which bacteria attack and cause inflammation at any location in the urinary tract. urinary system, including: bladder, ureters, kidneys. Symptoms of UTIs are usually a persistent urge to urinate; dysuria, urinary frequency, pelvic pain. Urine has a strange color and smell…

Urinary tract infection is one of the most common diseases in both sexes and all ages. Due to the shorter urinary tract structure, bacteria easily penetrate from the outside into the urinary system, so women are more susceptible to infections than men. It causes pain, discomfort, and makes the sufferer lose interest in sex. In particular, the issue that many people are most concerned about is whether urinary tract infections can be related.

Dr. Nguyen Hoang Duc affirmed, it is completely possible to have sex when the urinary tract is infected. However, the itching and burning sensation can make the patient feel uncomfortable during sex. Sexual activity during this time can also cause some inconvenience not only to the patient, but also to spread infection-causing bacteria to the partner. That’s why doctors often recommend delaying sexual intercourse, until treatment is complete.

Due to the shorter urinary tract structure, women are more susceptible to infections than men. Image: 123RF

Risks of urinary tract infections

According to Urology experts, Tam Anh General Hospital, having sex with a urinary tract infection can expose the patient and his/her partner to the following health risks:

Increases the risk of new bacterial infections

Bacteria that cause urinary tract infections 90% are E.Coli (or dysentery bacilli). This is a Gram-negative bacteria, very widely distributed, most often parasitic in the large intestine and human feces. These bacteria can travel from the anus into the urinary tract, causing a urinary tract infection.

In cases where people who already have a urinary tract infection have sex, E.Coli bacteria can penetrate deeper, attack their genitals and infect their partner, at worst it can cause death. Damage to the reproductive organs causes dishonor. The condition puts you at risk of reinfection (if the disease is cleared up) or creates a new source of bacteria leading to a longer recovery time and at the same time.

Risk of sexually transmitted diseases

Although UTIs are not sexually transmitted infections (STIs), an infected person can still pass the bacteria on to their partner.

In particular, in some cases, urinary tract infections come from the causes of sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis, genital warts, genital herpes… infectious bacteria and viruses. including chlamydia, trichomonas, candida, vaginal thrush… will be transmitted very quickly.

Viruses, bacteria, fungi are difficult to completely destroy and even cause many dangerous complications to the health of the patient.

90% of bacteria that cause urinary tract infections are E.Coli dysentery bacilli.  Photo: Shutterstock

90% of bacteria that cause urinary tract infections are E.Coli dysentery bacilli. Image: Shutterstock

Causing pain

With a UTI, the tissues in the urinary tract become more sensitive and easily irritated. Therefore, even a small amount of force during vaginal sex can cause pain.

For men, a UTI also causes the external urethral opening (also known as the stoma) to become irritated. When having sex, the penis will be painful, uncomfortable and make the symptoms of infection worse.

In addition, in the case of oral sex while having a UTI, bacteria from the genitals can spread to the mouth and cause a secondary infection.

Because of the many risks, doctors often recommend avoiding sex during an illness to better protect yourself and your partner.

How to have safe sex when you have a UTI?

While there’s currently no guarantee that it’s safe to have sex during a UTI, the following steps can help reduce the risk for couples:

Go to the bathroom before and after sex

The expulsion of urine out of the bladder not only helps to keep the urinary system clear, avoiding the accumulation of harmful toxins, it can also protect you from UTIs effectively thanks to its ability to wash away harmful bacteria. . Because of this advantage, before and after sex, it is advisable to urinate thoroughly.

Sanitize the vagina after sex

Bacteria that cause UTIs can be transmitted from the urinary tract to the genitals. Therefore, after sex, should clean the intimate area thoroughly with a solution specifically for sensitive areas. Pay attention to the principle of wiping from front to back to prevent the risk of bacteria spreading from the anus. Besides, if you use a condom, you should also carefully disassemble and clean your hands, before touching other parts of the body.

Do not change many positions during sex

To limit bacteria from moving to areas other than the urinary tract, when having sex, do not change too many positions. Specifically, avoid sex at the same time through vaginal, anal, manual and oral …

Pay attention to the symptoms

If you’re having sex, listen carefully to your body’s voice. As soon as you notice some unusual symptoms such as suddenly becoming tired, in great pain, decreased libido… please stop sexual activities and rest.

Drink a lot of water

This advice helps to dilute the concentration of toxins in the urine, keep the bladder healthy, and at the same time clean the urinary tract effectively. Therefore, when drinking a lot of water, the risk of urinary tract infections during sex will also decrease.

Use probiotics

Clinical trial results show that the use of probiotics can help stop the growth of bacteria. Therefore, patients can enhance probiotics or foods such as yogurt, drinking yogurt, live yeast… to protect themselves when having sex during urinary tract infections.

Dr. BS Nguyen Hoang Duc advises patients.  Photo: Tam Anh General Hospital

Dr. BS Nguyen Hoang Duc advises patients. Image: Tam Anh General Hospital

Dr. Nguyen Hoang Duc reminds, if you are still unsure about whether a urinary tract infection is related, you should discuss directly with the treating doctor for detailed advice. In addition, you should also pay attention to your body’s symptoms and go to a specialist hospital immediately when you have any of the following symptoms:

– Bleeding while urinating

– Severe back or stomach pain

– Cramps, multiple pelvic pain

– Abnormal vaginal discharge

– Fever, nausea, vomiting, chills…

– A lot of pain after sex

After completing a course of treatment, but the symptoms are still not relieved, you should schedule a follow-up appointment with your doctor to be checked, to prevent the risk of infection with another disease with similar symptoms.

Han Thai

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