Posted Nov 20, 2022, 3:00 PM
Two of the flagship reforms of Emmanuel Macron’s second five-year term, that of unemployment insurance, just adopted by Parliament, and that of pensions, which is advancing rapidly, today make the Minister of Labour, the Full-Employment and Integration, Olivier Dussopt, one of the most prominent men in the government. But, invited this Sunday to the Grand Rendez-vous Europe 1-CNews-“Les Echos”, it was on the painful soap opera of the “Ocean Viking” that the minister was first challenged.
Justifying the position of humanity taken by France after the failure of Italy by Giorgia Meloni, the ex-socialist, who was close to Benoît Hamon then to Manuel Valls before giving in to the Macronist sirens in November 2017, pleaded the cause of renewable one-year residence permits granted to people in an irregular situation who have been present in the territory for a long time, and who have a professional activity in a sector in tension, such as the hotel and catering industry. And underlined that the plan to reduce recruitment tensions carried out by Pôle emploi since October 2021 had already made it possible to bring some 280,000 long-term unemployed back to work in one year.
On the unemployment insurance reform that he will detail this Monday to the social partners, Olivier Dussopt recalled the principle of countercyclicality on which it had been built: make the compensation rules tougher when the labor market is going well ( as is the case today), more protective for employees when things go wrong. But “we will not touch the amounts of the allowances, since at 57% of the last salary they are in the European average, it is only the duration of compensation which will vary”, reaffirmed the Minister.
“Dialogue does not mean erasing all disagreements, but accepting that some of them remain unsurpassable and moving forward wherever we can on the rest”, he further declared, in reference to the unanimous criticisms of the unions. .
Recalling the commitment of the President of the Republic that the pension reform will come into effect from 2023, the former Deputy Minister in charge of Public Accounts (2020-2022) stressed that, given the reduction in the gap between the number of contributors and that of retirees, even the effective return to full employment (from which France is still a long way off with unemployment at 7.3%) will not be enough to rebalance the system which will show a deficit of 12.5 billion euros in 2027, this hole continuing to widen until 2040.
It remains to be seen whether he will succeed in passing this ultra-sensitive reform in Parliament, as he did on unemployment insurance, that is to say without recourse to 49.3. Perhaps with the help of his old socialist friends? “I do not despair that part of the left supports the reform”, he replied, claiming a “principle of optimism”. Even if the executive clearly aims for support from LR on this text.