Health

Turmeric relieves joint pain – VnExpress


Turmeric contains a lot of curcumin that has been shown to inhibit mediators of inflammatory responses related to bone and joints.

Turmeric, the spice ground from the root of the turmeric plant, is high in curcumin that may help reduce joint pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Since ancient times, turmeric has been used to relieve the symptoms of arthritis through the isolation of the antioxidant curcumin which is the main beneficial component in turmeric.

In the 2016 US “Herbal Supplement Guide to Arthritis Symptoms” study, researchers found turmeric to be a powerful anti-inflammatory, blocking cytokines and enzymes involved in inflammation. . In laboratory studies, curcumin has also been shown to inhibit mediators of the inflammatory response.

With rheumatoid arthritis, a type of chronic arthritis that mainly affects the lining of the joints, the inflammation mistakenly attacks the joints, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis is usually treated with slow-acting antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), corticosteroids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Meanwhile, the scientists found that curcumin in turmeric also targets the immune system using pathways similar to some DMARDs.

Turmeric contains a lot of curcumin which helps to reduce inflammation. Image: Freepik

In the UK study “Curcumin alleviates rheumatoid arthritis inflammation and synovial hyperplasia by targeting in rats” in 2018, animal researchers showed that curcumin has anti-inflammatory effects. rheumatoid arthritis by reducing synovial hyperplasia.

A randomized controlled trial was also conducted in 2017 of a bioavailable form of curcumin and its effects on rheumatoid arthritis. Researchers gave 36 people with rheumatoid arthritis 250 mg of curcumin, 500 mg of curcumin or a placebo daily for 90 days. At the end of the study, both groups taking curcumin saw a reduction in pain and arthritis compared to the placebo group.

In terms of osteoarthritis, the scientists also found that turmeric and curcumin seem to help reduce the pain and stiffness of arthritis by inhibiting the production of COX-2 (an enzyme that leads to pain from inflammation). . Current studies on the effects of curcumin in the treatment of osteoarthritis show that this spice not only relieves pain but also improves physical function, improving quality of life.

Turmeric is also effective as a medicine in reducing joint pain. The researchers found that people with knee osteoarthritis who took turmeric extract or ibuprofen daily for four weeks experienced similar pain relief as those taking ibuprofen, and experienced fewer side effects.

However, researchers also recommend that, in addition to the benefits of turmeric in reducing joint pain, if used in large doses, patients may experience side effects such as diarrhea, headache, nausea, and vomiting. dermatitis, yellow stools… Pregnant and lactating women, people with kidney stones, gallbladder disease and bleeding disorders should avoid using turmeric without a doctor’s prescription.

Mr. Chi (Follow Very Well Health)

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