The debate is not new, it is even an old sea serpent, but it is rekindled by the crisis linked to Covid-19, which is exacerbating existing inequalities. The sharing of value or the redistribution of profits between employees, employers and shareholders does not yet concern jobs such as garbage collectors, cashiers, nursing assistants, delivery men, without whom the country would have had trouble turning during confinement. At the end of October, Prime Minister Jean Castex will launch a consultation on the subject with the unions and employers.
At the Ministry of Labor, it is believed that this consultation is a response to the controversy over the lack of compensation demanded from employers as part of the recovery plan. Concretely, if the billions of euros poured out on the companies make it possible in the long term to generate profits, then the employees must also benefit from it. The problem is that the devices that allow a better distribution of wealth still only benefit a minority of employees. Even though they were improved two years ago.
First, there is participation. It allows to donate part of the profit. But it remains optional in companies with less than 50 employees. The latter therefore rarely see the color. Incentive then. This consists of paying a bonus proportional to the performance or results of the company. But it is optional. And large groups are almost the only ones to use it.
As for employee shareholding, it concerns only 3.5 million people.
Especially in small businesses. This is what certain members of the majority are demanding, like Cendra Motin, who campaigns for an extension of participation to all companies, whatever their size. Cendra Motin who was to table a bill in June on the subject. It is now awaiting the result of the consultation, which it hopes will be ambitious. Even if the employers are dragging their feet. The CFDT, which has already unveiled its proposals, pleads for example to limit or eliminate the payment of dividends in companies which receive state aid. Or for a better representation of employees in governance bodies, where the salary policy is decided, for example.
No, not directly, and that is precisely what worries the unions. They believe that the garbage collectors, cashiers, orderlies, delivery men, without whom the country could not have turned during confinement, have been unjustly forgotten. In a letter sent last week to the Prime Minister, they demand an emergency meeting, devoted to the recognition of these poorly paid professions. This must translate, say the unions, into an immediate revaluation of wages, working conditions, employment and careers.