Life Style

The Paréo diploma, an airlock at the entrance to the university for those disappointed with Parcoursup



There is Warren, who last year tried in vain to enroll in BTS international trade. Paula, a young Colombian, refused nursing school and who wants to use this year to perfect her French. Davi, who had started a bachelor’s degree in applied foreign languages, before realizing that the level required in English was beyond his abilities. Sylvana, who gave up the place obtained in plastic arts license in a university of the capital because too far from her home, located in the Eure. Sylvana, who makes a three-hour round trip by public transport every day to get to Cergy University, renamed CY Cergy Paris University.

All joined, with more or less enthusiasm, and often during the complementary phase of Parcoursup, the diploma of establishment (DE) Paréo, a “passport to success and orientation”. A one-year course, which prepares for the deep end of higher education, by helping young people to mature their project and consolidate their achievements, at the rate of fifteen hours of lessons per week.

A peer review

On the computer, Sidieye projects The Great Wave off Kanagawa, the famous print by Hokusai. Presentation of the artist, description of the work, personal appreciations. “I first felt the violence of the waves, of the black sky. And then the contrast with the mountain, in the distance, Mount Fuji. » The French teacher picks up on Sidieye’s remarks and asks him about the particular importance of Mount Fuji in the image.

The student does not know what to answer. “The day you take an oral exam, avoid giving information that you don’t really know”, recommends Ingrid Duplaquet. Before sliding: “Don’t keep your briefcase slung over your shoulder during the presentation. This can give the impression that you are flying by! »she smiles.

Objective of this course, common to the two Paréo groups (“human sciences” and “health and social”): to improve interpersonal skills, regain self-confidence, develop general knowledge and consolidate the basics in French, among young people who, for two thirds (this is a specificity of the university of Cergy), hold a professional baccalaureate.

Work on the fundamentals, methodology, orientation workshops (including three individual interviews), internship… This training has already enabled Warren to realize that he needs to be “more framed, like in BTS”. Where Alya is in a hurry: to enter college to feel “adult and empowered”.

A device to hide the limits of Parcoursup?

Pareo is bearing fruit according to Marie Delannoy, the training director. “Last year, out of 65 registered, about thirty passed the diploma. And 25 obtained one of their wishes from the main phase of Parcoursup. » Not least because good students can be “recommended” with colleagues from other departments of the university.

“Such courses can help to resuscitate young graduates who do not immediately have the level to undertake higher education”believes Christophe Bonnet, national secretary of Sgen-CDFT.

The president of Unef, Imane Ouelhadj, takes a more severe look at this system which, with its 4,000 registered in thirty universities, “artificially reduces the number of candidates without a solution at the end of Parcoursup”. It would be better, she believes, to focus the orientation efforts “upstream of the baccalaureate, from college”.

At the ministry, we reject this vision, insisting in particular on “the possibility given to young people who do not really know which studies to choose to give themselves more time, while strengthening their skills”. Nothing says however that this device will be generalized. Moreover, the 4,000 € that the State grants to the universities for the reception of each student in DE Paréo will disappear next year. “Another aid measure should take over”ensures the ministry.

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Thirty training courses in France

The success and orientation passport (Paréo) constitutes an establishment diploma accessible to baccalaureate holders.

It allows them to follow during a course “open, multidisciplinary and varied, to reflect, mature and refine their study project, even their professional project, and reinforce certain knowledge and skills”as summarized by the Ministry of Higher Education.

These training courses, 30 in number throughout France, take place over a year with a minimum of 200 hours of teaching, made up of four to five subjects.

The registration fees are generally identical to those charged for the licence, ie €170 per year.

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