Technology

The government needs to play the role of guiding and leading the development of the infrastructure of the digital world


Representative of the Ministry of Information and Communications, Deputy Minister Phan Tam said, as well as the early stage of developing the world of telecommunications connectivity, Vietnam believes that it is very important to have the Government’s guiding and guiding role in the development of the world’s infrastructure. number world.

Lack of infrastructure for connectivity remains a major barrier

Within the framework of the Digital World Conference and Exhibition (ITU Digital World 2021), on the afternoon of October 13, the Ministerial Conference session themed “Strengthening infrastructure: The role of the government in digital transformation”.

Ms. Doreen Bogdan-Martin, Director of ITU Development Department spoke at the conference (Photo: Manh Hung)

In the role of coordinating this roundtable discussion, Ms. Doreen Bogdan-Martin, Director of the Development Department of the International Telecommunication Union ITU, said that currently, the lack of connection infrastructure is still a big barrier. especially for less developed countries.

Issues of 5G deployment, financial investment, ensuring network connectivity… require a large amount of investment, especially for least developed countries (LDCs), mainland countries (LLDCs) and other countries. Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and other stakeholders are under great pressure due to the negative impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Citing data from ITU’s Global Connectivity Report, Ms. Doreen Bogdan-Martin added that it is estimated that the cost of connectivity for the group of people who still do not have access to the Internet in 2030 will cost infrastructure alone about about $428 billion. It is a burden that all governments must face.

Mustafa Jabbar, Bangladesh’s Minister of Posts, Telecommunications and IT, said that while the involvement of the public and private sectors both plays an essential role in the infrastructure development process. But in countries like Bangladesh, the private sector plays a key role.

“Public participation is also important. However, the Government still plays a key role in formulating Laws and guidelines and preparing environments for technology development. Without support Government support, there will be no legal framework for technology development”Mr. Mustafa Jabbar stated his opinion.

The government needs to take a leading role in the development of digital infrastructure and digital platforms

Sharing the views of Vietnam’s Ministry of Information and Communications, Deputy Minister Phan Tam said that, like in the traditional telecommunications world, in the digital world, we also have to solve core problems such as access for everyone, everytime everywhere; widespread infrastructure development in each country and around the world; the issue of providing useful services for the socio-economic development of each country, for peace, stability and inclusive development in the world.

But there are some big differences between telecommunications infrastructure and digital infrastructure such as: in the past, telecommunications infrastructure serving human-to-human connection was the main thing, now it is machine-to-machine connection that is key and allows for intelligentization. many economic, political and social activities.

Previously, telecommunications infrastructure for communication was the main thing, now digital infrastructure serves countless socio-economic activities, 100% online. Previously, IT had limited capacity to process digital information and was used quite isolated, but now the capacity of new digital technologies such as cloud computing, IoT, AI, 5G… is huge; This ecosystem of technologies allows creating very new values ​​for digital infrastructure.

“In the new context as well as the new development needs, which require more and more progress, sustainability and inclusiveness as above, it is clear that we need to approach and handle traditional core issues under the a new perspective and a new, more synchronous and comprehensive approach”. The deputy minister pointed out.

The government needs to play the role of guiding and leading the development of the infrastructure of the digital world
Deputy Minister of Information and Communications Phan Tam at the Ministerial Conference on the afternoon of October 13 (Photo: Manh Hung).

Emphasizing the view that digital transformation must be people-centered, subject and for the benefit of the people, the representative of the Ministry of Information and Communications pointed out: Providing access in the digital world must go hand in hand with providing input devices. Finally, digital skills for everyone.

In the National Digital Transformation Program, Vietnam has set out goals and solutions to synchronously solve 3 problems: universalizing fiber optic cables to households and deploying 5G mobile networks; universalization of smartphones; deploying MOOC (online course – PV) to quickly train people in digital skills, the issue of retraining and advanced training is also focused.

Broadband telecommunications infrastructure must become a digital infrastructure with the ability to collect, store, create and process digital data, transmit digital data, and exploit digital data values. Cloud computing will play a very important role in digital infrastructure. This is also the focus of development investment in Vietnam’s digital infrastructure development strategy.

Vietnam also believes that countries need to pay attention to the development of digital platforms – Digital Platforms. The infrastructure of the digital world, including digital infrastructure and digital platforms acting as infrastructure, is a fundamental element that ensures the general development of the whole society. “Like the early stage of developing the world of telecommunications connectivity, Vietnam believes that the Government should play a guiding and leading role.”, said the Deputy Minister.

In addition, it is necessary to bring socio-economic activities to take place on digital infrastructure. On the one hand, this is the main purpose of digital infrastructure development, on the other hand, it is also stimulating demand and creating demand for digital infrastructure development.

Therefore, in the National Digital Transformation Program, Vietnam places equal importance and synchronously implements and links digital infrastructure development plans with digital transformation plans in the fields of education and health. , traffic, agriculture…

“In this regard, the Government needs to take the lead. In fact, right after the National Digital Transformation Program was issued in June 2020, Vietnam also issued an e-Government Development Strategy towards a Digital Government in June 2021, before promulgating the Strategy. digital economy, digital society and digital infrastructure development strategy, expected by the end of 2021”, Deputy Minister Phan Tam shared with delegates.

Lots of experience, good lessons on infrastructure development

Experience in developing digital infrastructure is also a content shared by the delegates to the Ministerial Conference on the afternoon of October 13.

Mr. Mustafa Jabbar, Minister of Posts, Telecommunications and IT Bangladesh said: The development of the mobile revolution depends a lot on 5G technology. Bangladesh has been testing 5G technology since July 2018 and will start rolling it out in 2021. It is expected that the country will have nationwide 5G coverage by 2022. “I hope the world will have a different context thanks to the rollout of 5G. This technology will positively and magically impact many industries, commerce and many people globally.”, Mr. Mustafa Jabbar said.

The government needs to play the role of guiding and leading the development of the infrastructure of the digital world
Ms. Bolor-Erdene Battsengel, Chairman of the Information and Communications Department of Mongolia (Photo: Manh Hung).

In Mongolia, according to Ms. Bolor-Erdene Battsengel, President of the Department of Communications and Information Technology, there are 226 important fiber optic networks and a total of 46,700 km of fiber optic cables. The country currently has about 3.5 million smartphone users and a total data usage of about 262 terabytes.

In addition to developing ICT infrastructure, Mongolia has successfully implemented a unified public service platform that integrates 500 servers. “Just two weeks ago, we implemented an artificial intelligence-based 2.0 online help system. Thereby, the Government can provide citizens with customized, personalized services based on what they expect from the Government.”, said Mrs. Bolor-Erdene Battsengel.

Noting that the Mongolian government decided to transform into a digital country in the next few years, Ms. Bolor-Erdene Battsengel added: “We are focusing a lot on providing cheap Internet to people nationwide, even in remote areas.”.

Regarding Japan, Mr. Yuji Sasaki, Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications of this country pointed out: “Our top priority is security and no waste is allowed and no one is left behind. In this context, the role of the Government in supporting infrastructure development and research is even more important.”.

Japan has set specific goals to build infrastructure in localities to promote social security and improve quality of life. The country promotes technology development in both the private and public sectors.

Since 2019, Japan has consulted with India to build remote support areas for retirees. “Delivering technology to older adults is quite challenging, but I believe recent technological advances can address this challenge. In order to realize the goal of sustainable society, we are promoting the development of advanced technologies such as biology, self-driving cars, medical. The importance of digital technology is to ensure that no one is left behind, can access the Internet securely, without denial of service, and Japan will do its best to fulfill its role. this”, Mr. Yuji Sasaki confirmed.

ICT reporter group

ITU Ministerial Conference: Cost reduction is key for digital transformation

ITU Ministerial Conference: Cost reduction is key for digital transformation

While 4G and 5G are gradually becoming more popular, globally, nearly 50% of the population has not yet used the Internet. Not every country is easy to digitalize because of the difference in access to the Internet and technology.

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