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The eco decryption. Amazon continues to establish itself in France, not without controversies


Amazon warehouse in Brétigny-sur-Orge (Essonne). Illustrative photo. (ARTHUR BLANC / FRANCE-BLEU LORRAINE NORD / RADIO FRANCE)

The American giant ensures that these positions will all be on permanent contracts, indefinite, lasting contracts. For this huge 50,000 m2 warehouse that Amazon is going to open south of Metz, in a former air base, the firm has already started recruiting: technicians, handlers, logistics agents, but also executives to supervise. In total Amazon promises to have 14,500 employees on permanent contracts by the end of the year in France.

But this argument on employment, which the company of Jeff Bezos often puts forward, is to be taken with a grain of salt, according to the unions. Because of the bad working conditions, the employees crack, and often give up their jobs, there is also a strong robotization of the centers. Moreover, despite the creation of jobs that it generates, each Amazon establishment arouses controversy with petitions and mobilizations to the key. In France, Amazon is far from always welcome.

In Rouen, Amazon faces a lot of opposition. Here too, the brand wants to open a new huge logistics center in a former industrial wasteland. A warehouse three times larger than in Metz, since it will be 160,000 m2. The prefecture has given the green light but elected officials and citizens’ groups have just filed a lawsuit against the project: with a 24-hour opening, and the forecast of thousands of packages that would leave this factory every day, They fear that the incessant comings and goings of trucks threaten the environment. It is also unfair competition for local commerce. But more is needed to discourage Amazon.

The confinements have boosted its sales and deliveries. More than one in three French people is already a customer. Amazon has already captured more than 20% of French e-commerce. 2020 had already been an excellent year for the multinational, but in these first three months, its profits have tripled! Between January and March 2021, Amazon exceeded 80 billion euros in turnover, an increase of 44% compared to last year. Confirmation that it is indeed one of the big winners of the crisis.

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