Concretely, international investment projects in France fell by nearly 20% compared to 2019 (-17% to be precise): 1,200 projects in 2020 against 1,400 a year earlier. The difference is limited to 200 and the impact could have been more violent. But the real cursor is employment. A foreign investment project on French soil is the guarantee of additional positions. When investment projects decline, these are jobs that are not created or saved.
If the decline in foreign investment in France is real, in terms of jobs we did better last year, in the midst of the crisis, than two years earlier, in 2018. Last year, more than 43,000 jobs were created. been created or maintained thanks to foreign investments in France. Yes, the shock was violent, last year was terrible and the one ahead is no less so. But the French economy is resilient. She resists.
The Business France study shows that foreign investment in France does not only benefit Ile-de-France but all the regions, including small towns, by promoting local employment. In terms of projects, Île-de-France, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Hauts-de-France, Occitanie, Grand-Est and Bourgogne-Franche-Comté host three-quarters of investment decisions . The sectors which have contributed most positively to employment growth are health, energy and recycling, and telecom operators. Among the branches most affected: investments fell in accommodation and catering (-57%), aeronautics (-56%), transport (-38%).
France is now the fifth host country for subsidiaries of foreign groups in Europe after Romania, Germany, the United Kingdom and the Czech Republic.