Routes “Chaotic”, still managed in the short term, young people left to fend for themselves when they come of age: in a report published on Monday, November 30, the Court of Auditors castigates the “Faulty piloting” of the child protection policy, carried out “Out of step with needs” minors.
These shortcomings are all the more regrettable, considers the Court, as two laws adopted in 2007 and then in 2016 were likely to improve the lot of the children concerned, but they have been applied very little.
→ PORTRAIT. The dented route of a placed child
For the approximately 328,000 minors affected by a protection measure – put in place to “Prevent or make up for a family failure” – “Long-term thinking is hardly present”, deplore the sages of rue Cambon in their thematic report.
“Rupture and insecurity”
“The measures pronounced are always provisional, in order to preserve the possibility of a return in family, and this, although the failures of the parents can, in certain situations, be lasting”, estimate the magistrates.
Such reasoning is a source of “Ruptures and insecurity detrimental to minors”, continue the authors. To remedy this, it would be necessary, according to them, to resort more to the abandonment or delegation of parental authority, measures introduced into the law in 2016, but very little implemented, which allow parental authority to be entrusted to a third party. , without breaking the bond of filiation with the parents.
The wise regret “A stack of cumulative delays” and delay decisions, which can “Seriously harm the child”, especially when it comes to treating “Information of concern” or to execute a court decision.
Extend aid beyond the age of 18
The Court also recommends promoting training and integration courses beyond the age of 18, and even ” if necessary “ over 21 years old. At present, for many young people receiving social assistance for children (ASE), all care ceases abruptly when they come of age, which “Limits any investment in the future of protected children”, note the authors of the report.
They suggest that the departmental councils, which fund most of this policy, coordinate more with the prefects, especially in the areas of health and education. And that the State intervene to reduce strong territorial disparities.
The Court is surprised at the coexistence of “Multiple organizations”, resulting in “Confusion of missions”. There is thus a ” National council “, but also a “National observatory” child protection (CNPE and ONPE): the Court recommends eliminating the first and strengthening the second.