The good experience of turning off analogue and digitizing television will be successful lessons for these transformations to come. If a country wants to develop quickly and sustainably, it must continuously transform, towards better things.
These are the notes of Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung at the press conference announcing the completion of the project to digitize transmission and broadcast terrestrial television on January 11.
|Press conference to announce completion of the project|
Television technology has undergone many stages of development, from mechanical television to electronic (black and white) television, to color television, now digital television and in the future may be television. smart, 3D TV.
In the first days of 2021, Vietnam has just completed a project to digitize terrestrial television transmission and broadcasting until 2020, issued under Decision No. 2451 dated December 27, 2011 of the Prime Minister.
Over 9 years of tireless efforts, up to now, the TV Digitalization Project has achieved and exceeded all the initial goals set out, contributing to the implementation of the commitment of the entire ASEAN in 2010 to completely shut down the transmission. similar figure in 2020.
Accomplish 4 big goals
Vietnam has completed the transformation of terrestrial television broadcasting and transmission infrastructure from analog to digital technology nationwide. The frequency efficiency of digital terrestrial television leads to 30 times higher than that of analog television. Thus, 112MHz of the 700MHz band has been freed – the “golden” band to cover 5G nationwide, while still having enough frequencies for more TV channels than before.
Along with that, the digital terrestrial television coverage has been significantly expanded, from covering the centers of 40 provinces and cities directly under the Central Government in 2011 (equivalent to 20% of the population) to now reaching all 63 localities nationwide (equivalent to 80% of the population), down to districts, communes, villages and hamlets.
In addition, it has attracted social resources to cover television, formerly the private “courtyard” of state television stations. If in 2011 only VTC Digital Television Station did digital terrestrial television, by 2020 there were 5 units doing, including 4 joint stock companies. Social resources to digitalize television has reached over 50%.
Finally, 100% of local high-school stations were organized and rearranged in the direction of specialization and focus on program content production. Nine years ago, in 2011, 100% of broadcasters made content, transmitted and broadcasted at the same time.
Among the 10 ASEAN countries, Vietnam is the fifth country to complete the shutdown of similar television waves, 4 countries that have completed the same program first: Brunei (2017), Singapore (2019), Malaysia (2019) and Thailand (early 2020). , both are countries with smaller population sizes, and easier terrain coverage. Vietnam has kept its commitments to the ASEAN as a whole – completing the shutdown by 2020.
Vietnam, the 78th out of 193 countries, has completed shutting down similar television broadcasting. That is to belong to the group of early completion countries.
The “keys” to success
Turning off analogue television is difficult, especially at the start of this project in 2011 – 80% of households still do not have a digital receiver. Vietnam is also a large country in terms of population, ranking 13-14 in the world. Its topography is complicated with many hills and mountains, making digitizing television even more difficult. However, the appropriate approaches have contributed to the successful implementation of the Project. The first is to have a suitable route.
As a pilot in Da Nang first, after 3 years of preparation, Da Nang was the first locality to successfully turn off the waves. Next are the big cities with high income, then the delta provinces and finally the mountainous areas.
Along with that is going straight to modern technology. The DVB-T2 technology was chosen when only 6 countries chose it. This is an advanced technology that is both of higher quality and more economical on bandwidth. In fact, this is the right choice when in 2020, 90% of countries using DVB technology will choose DVB-T2 technology.
While the state budget is still difficult, the Ministry of Information and Communications has proposed to the Government to allow the use of VTCI funds to support poor and near poor households with digital receivers. Nearly 2 million households were supported at a cost of over 1,000 billion VND. The poor and near poor households have been able to watch free and high quality television programs.
Along with that is the establishment of a separate switchboard to receive feedback and support households in the transition. Difficulties in using new technology or lack of digital television have been helped and addressed promptly.
Because turning off television waves involves hundreds of millions of people, over 20 million households nationwide, communication plays a particularly important role. People must be aware that turning off analogue waves is to improve the quality of television, to watch more channels, including thematic channels on health, education, and agriculture to improve the life of Relatives, it is for Vietnam to stand shoulder to shoulder with other countries in order to support the Party and State’s policies on promoting new technologies. 24 training conferences, each district has at least 8 trained staff, ward and commune loudspeaker systems have continuously and actively communicated about the program of converting from analog to digital television. .
In the future, the transformation of technology in many fields will occur. The good experiences of turning off analogue and digitizing television will help us to make the changes more successful in the near future. A country that wants to develop quickly and sustainably must continuously transform and transform for better things.
Vietnam completed the project to digitize television beyond all initial goals
Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung has just announced that Vietnam has completed turning off analogue television and digitizing television nationwide.