Health

6 common kidney stone surgery methods

Ureteroscopy, percutaneous renal lithotripsy, electro-shock lithotripsy or open surgery… are the most common methods of treating kidney stones today. Kidney stones are a condition in which minerals in the urine are deposited in the kidneys, bladder, ureters, etc., forming solid crystals, causing pain in the kidney and surrounding areas. The most common treatment for kidney […]