People with Covid-19 sequelae have symptoms that appear frequently, such as severe fatigue when starting to exercise, muscle pain after a day of normal activities.
Follow Covid-19 Recovery Handbook compiled by the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Ho Chi Minh City, a person has sequelae, also known as persistent Covid-19 syndrome, when symptoms persist for more than 12 weeks since testing positive or showing symptoms infected with Covid-19.
Patients can self-assess according to the table below. If there is a symptom rated grade 2 or higher in both columns, then there is sequelae.
Some of the lingering Covid-19 symptoms a person may experience include trouble sleeping, breathing or shortness of breath, muscle aches, joint pain, forgetfulness, nausea, loss of appetite, mental health problems, ringing in the ears, easy falls, problems with swallowing and speech, fatigue, chest pain, heart palpitations.
In particular, shortness of breath is a very common symptom in people with prolonged Covid-19 infection. The patient may breathe shallower or deeper than usual. Daily activities that can cause shortness of breath, such as changing clothes, going to the bathroom, or doing household chores. When experiencing symptoms of shortness of breath, the patient should stop talking or moving; Slowly restore your breathing, relax by looking at a picture or scene, do breathing control exercises.
According to Dr. Nguyen Nhu Vinh, Head of the Department of Respiratory Function Exploration, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, in order to limit the risk of sequelae, during the treatment period, patients should practice breathing, rehab. early rehabilitation. In case of post-Covid symptoms, you should go to the hospital for examination, do breathing exercises and exercise at home.
An exercise that helps control shortness of breath effectively is pursed-lip breathing. The patient needs to focus on breathing, breathing slowly and relaxing rhythmically. Pinch your lips and breathe in through your nose for two counts, hold for 3-5 seconds if it’s not difficult to breathe then pinch your lips like a star and slowly exhale through your mouth for 4 counts.
In addition, patients should practice breathing control while walking for convenience when walking, climbing stairs, up and downhill…When taking 1-2 steps, inhale, then exhale for 1-2 steps next.