Diabetics can eat sweet fruits with low glycemic index, high in fiber, etc. in the right amount.
Fruits are foods that bring many benefits to human health. However, many people with diabetes often hesitate or refuse to eat fruit, especially sweet ones.
Answering this issue, specialist doctor 2 Dinh Thi Kim Lien – Nutrihome Nutrition Clinic System, said diabetes is a chronic disease, patients have to live with the disease for the rest of their lives. Therefore, if you completely abstain from sugar or sweet fruits, the patient’s quality of life is not guaranteed. Fruits are beneficial or not based on their glycemic index. Many fruits are sweet but have a low glycemic index, which means that they are sweet due to their high content of fructose, not glucose.
Apples, pears, guava, apricots, grapefruit, oranges, kiwi, strawberries, pomegranates, avocados, plums, peaches, raspberries, blueberries, cherries… are fruits with low glycemic index, rich in nutrients fiber, people with diabetes can use. In contrast, some fruits with a high glycemic index such as bananas, grapes, watermelon, pineapple, sweet oranges, etc., should be limited. However, the doctor can still give the patient sweet fruit according to the scientific method and regime to ensure the glycemic index and meet the needs.
Master, Doctor Tran Nguyen Quynh Tram – Department of Endocrinology – Diabetes, Tam Anh General Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, added that diabetics can choose to eat ripe and sweet fruits in moderate amounts. , from 150-200 g per day. This helps the body not be deficient in nutrients, not in excess of sugar.
Mango is a fruit that belongs to the group of low glycemic index. There are even studies that show that mango improves insulin sensitivity, which is beneficial for people with diabetes. A mango weighing 300 grams can be eaten by people with diabetes about 50 grams, equivalent to about a quarter of a fruit. This makes it easier for the body to absorb and metabolize.
With sweet fruits such as durian, jackfruit, Siamese banana, the patient can also eat in an appropriate amount. For example, people with diabetes can eat a piece of durian or 3-4 pieces of jackfruit a day in a snack to limit the amount of sugar in the body, ensuring enough energy and nutrients.
Dr. Tram noted that in addition to the glycemic index, to determine the amount of fruit to eat, patients need to remember the rule that a suitable serving is equal to a fist. Eating more than a fistful of fruit at a time can affect insulin levels.
The patient leaves the whole fruit and cuts it to eat according to the allowed amount, instead of drinking juice or smoothies. Because when fruit is blended or juiced, it will increase the number of servings for diabetics to eat 4 times, there is a risk of increased blood sugar. Fruit juice also makes the body absorb faster, so blood sugar rises quickly. Eating raw fruits will help patients absorb more fiber, so blood sugar will be better controlled.
In addition, each person should eat fruit 2 hours after a meal because this time will not cause a sudden increase in blood sugar. The ideal time to eat fruit is mid-morning, around 11am or afternoon at 5pm. Do not eat dried, canned fruits because the sugar in these fruits is concentrated, not suitable for people with diabetes.
The best diet for people with diabetes needs to be consulted by nutritionists and treating doctors. When eating, you should monitor blood sugar because each person’s body often reacts differently depending on the disease status and the body’s ability to respond.