Health

Stomach cancer risk increases due to salty eating habits


Vietnamese people are among the world’s most salty eaters, while this is one of the agents that cause stomach cancer.

According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), the average Vietnamese adult consumes up to 9.4 g of salt per day, almost double the recommended level (5 g of salt per day). The habit of seasoning food with fish sauce, salt, seasoning powder or a preference for dipping sauces can cause the body to load more salt than necessary.

A study by author D’Elia and colleagues with 270,000 people in Scotland, for 6-15 years, showed that people who eat a lot of salt have a 68% higher risk of stomach cancer than people who eat less salt. Another study also found that with 1 g of added salt per day, the risk of stomach cancer increased by 8%.






High salt consumption increases the risk of stomach cancer. Image: Shutterstock

A collection of studies in China also shows that Helicobacter pylori is one of the major causes of abdominal cancer. Meanwhile, Salt creates favorable conditions for HP bacteria to grow quickly and be active. This is also a trigger for inflammation, making the stomach wall more sensitive to carcinogenic factors.

In addition, busy people tend to choose to use processed foods instead of cooking for themselves. According to statistics of Vietnam Report, more and more Vietnamese people consume processed foods. Convenient and delicious, but these fast foods often contain a lot of salt and preservatives, increasing the risk of stomach cancer if used regularly.

People who regularly use foods containing nitrate (such as salted fish meat, pickled vegetables, grilled meat, smoked meat), abuse alcohol… for a long time are also prone to cell damage; lead to stomach cancer.

In addition, some of the following causes can also increase the risk of this disease such as: precancerous lesions such as chronic gastritis for a long time without proper treatment; Helicobacter pylori infection; fat; genetic.





Most stomach cancer patients in Vietnam are diagnosed quite late.  Photo: Shutterstock

Most stomach cancer patients in Vietnam are diagnosed quite late. Image: Shutterstock

Lifestyle changes, periodic screening for cancer prevention

Researchers from the American Cancer Society recommend that changing lifestyle habits can significantly reduce the risk of stomach cancer. Specifically, adults should not consume more than 5 g of salt per day; using safe food, giving priority to fresh food, green vegetables rich in fiber; limit alcohol, beer and stimulants; Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.

Besides, people should have regular cancer screening, especially with high-risk groups such as people over 50 years old; have a family member with gastrointestinal cancer; have chronic peptic ulcer; HP infection;…

Currently, there are non-invasive cancer screening techniques. In particular, SPOT-MAS technology developed by Gene Solutions helps screen and detect 5 types of cancer early in just one blood collection, including: stomach cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer.

Dr. Tran Le Son, Institute of Medical Genetics – Gene Solutions, said that on the basis of new generation gene sequencing technology, SPOT-MAS is the trend of cancer detection in the world, especially in countries. developed as the US, UK, Australia.





A technician from Gene Solutions is operating a machine in the process of testing and sequencing genes for early detection of cancer cell markers.  Photo: Gene Solutions

A technician from Gene Solutions is operating a machine in the process of testing and sequencing genes for early detection of cancer cell markers. Image: Gene Solutions

According to Dr. BS Nguyen Huu Thinh – Head of the On-Demand Examination Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City: “The SPOT-MAS method is expected to create a revolution in early cancer screening”.

“With many advantages, such as non-invasiveness, high accuracy and convenience, SPOT-MAS can contribute to creating a habit of cancer screening for more Vietnamese people, thereby improving treatment efficiency,” said Dr. Nguyen Huu Nguyen, Co-founder of Gene Solutions, shared.

Ngoc Ly

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