A public inquiry reveals that these workers under-declare their income and find themselves in the crosshairs of the tax administration.
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It is the High Council for the Financing of Social Protection (HCFiPS) who raises the hare. Since 2017, this institution has acted as an observatory for hidden work. Nearly 126,000 micro-entrepreneurs who use platforms have been monitored and their fiscal rigor is far from being a reality. Uber Eats delivery man, Deliveroo courier or VTC driver … Most of them are not employees of the companies in question. Uber, Deliveroo and the rest of them kind of lease operating licenses to people who take the status of self-employed. It is these auto-entrepreneurs who pay their own charges and taxes but they forget to declare all of their turnover which is used to calculate the contributions.
In the VTC sector (transport cars with drivers), nearly 90% of micro-entrepreneurs declared to Urssaf amounts lower than what the platforms recorded for the people concerned. 30% of VTC drivers reported nothing at all, according to the High Council for the Financing of Social Protection. In the delivery sector, the share of under-reporting amounts to 73%; 51% in commerce, 44% in specialized scientific and technical activities.
These under-declarations amounted to just over 80 million euros last year. The sum as such is not huge. Rather, it is the practice and state of mind of the micro-entrepreneurs concerned that are singled out. It is moonlighting of a particular kind: it is not a question of concealing cash but of paying less charges. With all the consequences to which offenders are exposed, one of the particularities of which is to be under very precarious statutes. This is called fraud to make ends meet or just survive in some cases.