Applying technologies to rice production in Heilongjiang province contributes to providing enough rice production for more than 1.4 billion people in China.
Rice is the staple food of 60% of China’s population, most of which is produced in Heilongjiang province – a northeastern province of China with a population of 37.9 million. One out of every nine bowls of rice on a Chinese table comes from this province, that’s why this place is known as the “Rice Capital” of the country of billions of people.
In recent years, farms in Heilongjiang have been transformed into “smart farms”, applying technologies to production, which has made rice production a lot easier.
Jiansanjiang, also known as Beidahuang, is China’s largest food-producing agricultural base in Heilongjiang province. It is home to 15 state-owned farms. In 2018, Jiansanjiang produced 6.7 million tons of rice, enough to meet the annual rice needs of 52 million people.
Weather index measurement application
Chen Xinkun – production team leader at Nongjiang farm who manages 4,000 hectares of rice fields – was among the first to use a Chinese mobile app focused on smart farms.
The Modern Agriculture Platform (MAP), developed by Sinochem Group in 2018, assists rice farmers in production and management by monitoring and analyzing data.
Mr. Chen can check the actual temperature and sunlight of the rice fields through this app. By observing the temperature, humidity, wind direction and other information of the rice fields, he quickly determines the most suitable harvesting method, which is very important for rice farmers because the methods of harvesting Different plans can affect the selling price.
“The information displayed on the app is basically the same as the actual rice field situation. This is what smart farming has created for us,” said Chen.
Satellite remote sensing map measuring the area of rice fields
During the annual harvest season, the most difficult problem, according to Mr. Chen, is coordinating loss settlement between the insurance company and the farmers.
An updated feature of the software helped Chen solve this problem. It can quickly and accurately calculate farmers’ rice field area using remote satellite remote sensing map, more accurate and efficient than traditional manual measurements. Mr. Chen will get the area information of 4,000 hectares of rice in half a day using the software.
Huge data center
A large data center at the Qixing farm is where all the crop data collected by smart devices is gathered.
According to Jiang Hao, a senior agronomist at Qixing Farm, who is primarily responsible for testing new farm machinery and technology, their farm has 200 monitoring devices and 20 small weather stations. These devices transmit huge amounts of data to large data centers every minute. After the production data is summarized, the experts create data models. They form a database of information about rice fields, helping farmers to grow rice more efficiently.
Mr. Jiang said that after applying the Internet of Things (IoT) platform, they will have a comprehensive understanding of the growing environment of rice plants, including lighting ability, wind speed, water temperature, etc. rice field elevation and mud information.
5G Base Station
Jiang said that the advancement of 5G and other components along with sensors is equivalent to a person’s nervous system. They transmit detected data, including tactile and visual information, to a processor, and the amount of information transmitted is enormous. According to Mr. Jiang, “The farms of the next generation will need to process a large amount of information. This can only be done with the help of 5G.”
With the construction of a 5G network in Jiansanjiang, smart farms could one day be transformed into “no-human farms” where farmers do all the work at the touch of a button.
In the future, the people of Beidahuang will upgrade their farms with more advanced technology to provide more rice bowls on the Chinese table.
Huong Dung (According to CGTN)
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