Shinzo Abe PM Tenure: Former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe was shot on Friday during a rally in the city of Nara, Japan. After which the former PM died at the age of 67. A suspect has been arrested after the incident and is in custody. Almost all the countries of the world including India have expressed grief over the death of Shinzo Abe. Recalling the works of Shinzo Abe, leaders from all over the world called him the best leader and called his death an irreparable loss. Let us tell you how Shinzo Abe’s tenure as PM has been.
Shinzo Abe served as the Prime Minister of Japan from 2006-07 and 2012-20. He has been the longest-serving prime minister of Japan. His uncle Isaku Sato held the record for the longest-serving Japanese prime minister before Shinzo Abe, who served as Prime Minister of Japan from 1964 to 1972. Shinzo Abe remains the country’s most famous political figure internationally. Shinzo Abe resigned as Prime Minister of Japan in September 2020 citing health concerns.
Youngest PM of Japan
Shinzo Abe became the Prime Minister of Japan for the first time on 26 September 2006 at the age of 52. He then became the youngest Prime Minister of the country. He was the youngest prime minister since Fumimaro Kono in 1941. Abe has been a conservative politician and is known for his inclination towards his nationalist policies, especially revisionist history. Abe’s tenure would be particularly noted for his aggressive economic policies, known as ‘Abenomics’, which focused on Japan’s economic revival with the goal of boosting domestic demand.
Known for foreign and defense strategy
He has been credited with leaving an indelible mark on the country’s foreign policy and defense strategy. In foreign policy plans, Abe is known to approach North Korea with a tough stance. Although Abe has made many policy decisions regarding the creation of defense and security, one of the most significant has been his attempt to reform and amend Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution. Article 9 of the Constitution of Japan was the result of the brutality of World War II and came into force in May 1947. This means that under the provisions of this section, Japan is not permitted to maintain an army, air force or navy for anything other than self-defense. The amendment of Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution has been one of Abe’s many goals, for which he worked hard during his tenure, but was unable to achieve.
It was Abe who proposed QUAD
It was Shinzo Abe who first brought America, Japan, Australia and India together to control China’s persistence. This is where QUAD started, which is still present. As early as 2007, Abe proposed the QUAD under which India, Japan, Australia and the US would join formal multilateral talks together. Although the idea did not materialize then, but in 2017, the Quad was revived after China’s growing aggression in the Indo-Pacific region and in November 2017 the four countries met in Manila on the sidelines of the East Asia Summit .
How was Shinzo Abe’s relationship with India?
India and Japan came closer during the tenure of Shinzo Abe. As an example of improving relations with India, Shinzo Abe became the first Japanese prime minister to attend India’s Republic Day parade as the chief guest during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s tenure. Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe made a huge contribution in elevating India-Japan relations to the level of a Special Strategic and Global Partnership.
Used to consider PM Modi as the most trusted friend
Japan has stood firmly with India during the Chinese invasion. During the Doklam standoff, near the Sikkim-Tiben-Bhutan trijunction, Japan supported India and said that no attempt should be made to change the status quo on the ground by force. Abe shares a deep relationship with Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He called Modi his most trusted and valuable friend. Even when Narendra Modi was the Chief Minister of Gujarat, Abe had invited him to Japan and the Indian leader accepted it.
Tried to improve relations with China
Shinzo Abe’s relations with China were not very good. China also opposed the Quad. However, after 2014, Shinzo Abe was seen attempting to build ties with China by meeting with Chinese President Xi Jingping, and later announced that he proposed the establishment of a hotline between Tokyo and Beijing to address maritime disputes. Efforts can be made to discuss and resolve such issues.
US-Japan alliance strengthened
He raised the image of Japan on the global stage and forged a strong alliance with the United States of America. He became the first Japanese Prime Minister to visit Pearl Harbor with a US President when he visited the naval base in 2016 along with then-President Barack Obama. Shinzo Abe also has a close personal relationship with former US President Donald Trump. In 2016, he went to New York to hold talks with Trump after the US election. The pair regularly played golf together.
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