The odds of getting pregnant are lower when having sex on the days of your period, but that doesn’t mean you can’t conceive during this time.
Conception occurs when the male sperm meets the female egg. Ovulation is when a woman’s ovaries release an egg ready for fertilization. When a woman’s ovaries are released, the egg only lasts for 12 to 24 hours. Male sperm can live for about 72 hours. If a sperm is in the uterus, fertilization and pregnancy can occur.
According to Dr. Pham Thi My Tu, Reproductive Support Center of Tam Anh General Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, a woman’s normal menstrual cycle is 28 days, counting from the first day of menstruation. With such a cycle, an egg is usually released around day 14 (but can still be around day 12, 13 or 14). Some women with longer cycles (about 35 days) ovulate around day 21. Women with cycles shorter than 21 days ovulate around day 7. Menstruation for several months in a row, women can approximate when they ovulate and help improve their chances of getting pregnant.
My Tu said that a woman’s ability to get pregnant can increase and decrease throughout the cycle. The ovulation cycle of women will often be different, so pregnancy when having sex during the “red light” day can still happen, although in the early days it will be less. It is almost impossible to get pregnant 1-2 days after the bleeding starts. The percentage of conception will increase in the following days.
If you’re not planning to get pregnant, it’s important to use safe contraception every time you have sex, like using a condom or taking birth control pills.
However, birth control pills cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes (genital herpes), gonorrhea or chlamydia. To protect themselves from unwanted infections, men should use condoms when having sex, this is a popular method with many advantages and few side effects.
According to doctor My Tu, if the couple is trying to get pregnant but still have no good news after a year or more even without using contraception, please go to a reputable medical facility and center. Doctors will recommend methods to monitor ovulation or do additional tests and treatment regimens to help increase your chances of conceiving.
Phuong Trinh (Follow Healthline)