Basil, garlic, ginger, lemongrass, pepper, cinnamon, honey contain essential oils, which help disinfect, good for the respiratory system, treat flu.
Doctor Huynh Tan Vu, Head of the Day Treatment Unit, Ho Chi Minh City University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, Campus 3, said that seasonal flu is an acute respiratory infection caused by an influenza virus. Influenza is a benign disease. Most people with seasonal flu will recover on their own, leaving no sequelae without going to the hospital. In some special cases, anti-viral drugs can be used, while the rest usually treat symptoms at home. In particular, some vegetables and spices that are easy to find can help the disease heal quickly.
Basil Slightly sweet and spicy, it is a popular herb. Basil can help relieve symptoms of cough, cold, and flu.
Garlic Has anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal and antiviral properties. Not only that, garlic is also an effective immune-boosting herb, which can prevent flu symptoms. Garlic contains allicin, a sulfur compound that has strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Therefore, garlic is considered a good food to treat flu, relieve stuffy nose, relieve cough.
Ginger Ginger is spicy, warm, has the ability to make the body sweat, so using ginger will effectively reduce fever and relieve sore throat.
Lemongrass It has anti-bacterial properties and the anti-inflammatory compounds citral and geraniol help relieve coughs and sore throats.
pepper Spicy, very hot, has the effect of lowering gas and sputum, curing sudden abdominal pain, cold hands and feet, vomiting, cholera, asthma, antiseptic, detoxification… smell, melt the cold air outside, warm the belly and increase the heat inside. Also, pepper specializes in the treatment of cholera, except for low fever and bactericidal.
Cinnamon It has a spicy taste, is warm, spreads wind and cold, clears the meridians, eliminates foreign air infiltration, cures colds, headaches, body aches, aches and pains in joints, tendons and muscles. Cinnamon has the effect of improving blood circulation, warming the body, adding cinnamon to food helps to increase body temperature as well as reduce indigestion, bloating and nausea…
Dai Anise Contains essential oils, antispasmodic, expectorant, antiseptic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory as well as antiseptic properties, aiding in sore throat relief.
honey It is also considered as one of the antibacterial foods, helping to strengthen the resistance effectively. Using honey or ginger honey tea, warm fresh lemon juice mixed with honey helps soothe the throat, reduce cough well.
In addition, European spices such as mint, thyme, rosemary also contain many essential oils, which also have a very good effect on flu.
According to Dr. Vu, to treat flu, these spices are used to prepare dishes as usual; Or use tea (fresh or dried), brew with boiling water, use 2-3 times a day, drink hot, a small cup each time. Another way to use it is to steam the face or take a full body bath, inhaling the hot steam with essential oils, helping to clear the respiratory tract and relax.
However, people with high blood pressure should be careful when using hot spices (pepper, ginger, cinnamon, anise) because they have the ability to increase blood pressure. Should only be used in small doses, rarely when eating or drinking, it is better to use it on the skin as a bath. People with underlying dietary conditions need to follow the guidance of a specialist.
Besides, the cases of flu that need to go to the hospital are in addition to the usual symptoms such as fever, cough … the patient has additional complications of pneumonia, otitis media, lesions in other locations. Very serious flu complications such as encephalitis, other organ damage, hematologic disorders, thrombocytopenia, hemorrhagic…
Children under two years old, elderly people over 65 years old, patients with chronic diseases (chronic lung disease, chronic asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), diabetics, liver, kidney, heart… pregnant women Pregnant women, immunocompromised people… belonging to the group at risk of flu complications, should be examined and closely monitored. Influenza deaths mainly occur in this at-risk population. In addition, it can happen in healthy people if flu is not cared for and treated properly, Dr. Vu said.