After recovering from Covid, you should eat a variety of foods, increase fruits and vegetables, drink a lot of water; Divide into at least 5 meals a day for quick recovery.
Patients with Covid-19 have very diverse clinical manifestations: from no symptoms to severe symptoms such as severe pneumonia, respiratory failure, septic shock, etc., especially in the elderly and people with medical conditions. background or immunocompromised. In children, the majority have milder clinical manifestations than adults, or no symptoms, the common symptoms are fever and cough, or pneumonia.
Whether the clinical manifestations are mild or severe, FO is also tired, anorexia, even difficult to eat when fever, infection, respiratory failure. Therefore, after the treatment period, the health status will decline, the respiratory and digestive organs are weakened, there is a risk of malnutrition at different levels, which should be improved with a rich diet. nutrients such as: more energy, protein and micronutrients in the diet.
About nutrition, energy in the diet will be provided by foods from three groups of carbohydrates such as rice, cereals, potatoes, tubers; Protein-rich food groups such as animal meats, poultry, fish and seafood, beans and pulses, and foods rich in fats such as animal fats, butter, vegetable oils, and nuts.
A reasonable diet needs to provide enough quantity and ensure a reasonable ratio from 3 energy-producing substances: protein 13-20%, lipid 20-25% and glucide or carbohydrate 55-65%. For example, a person needs to have a total energy intake of 2,000 kcal/day with an energy ratio from Protein:Lipid:Glucid of 15:20:55, then he will need to provide 300 kcal from 75 g of protein, 400 kcal from 45 g fat and 1,100 kcal from 275 g carbs.
Eat a variety, combine 15-20 foods and change often throughout the day. The diet should have a balance between animal and vegetable protein sources (meat, fish, eggs, milk, shrimp, crab, seafood, beans, beans…).
Newly recovered patients should choose proteins with high biological value and provide essential amino acids. Amino acids have a role in maintaining the body’s functional activities, participating in the protective barrier, the movement and absorption of nutrients. Do not eat foods high in cholesterol such as animal organs, brains. Eat at least 3 fish meals a week, 3 eggs a week and drink 1-2 cups of milk a day.
About the meal and how to prepare itAfter Covid-19 treatment, people are often tired and have anorexia, so they need to eat several times a day, about 5 meals a day, to avoid overeating, which can cause breathing difficulties. Processed dishes in soft form, finely chopped, stewed thoroughly for easy digestion and absorption. Should eat boiled, steamed, cooked dishes instead of fried, fried, grilled foods. In addition, change dishes often, avoiding monotony to make meals more delicious. Increase the intake of milk and dairy products 2 cups a day, because milk has enough nutritional components in a balanced ratio, easy to digest and absorb suitable for people who have just recovered from the disease. Especially with high-energy milk, making the patient’s body recover quickly.
Normally, when we are hungry, we want to eat and crave for food, with people who are hungry (deficient) of micronutrients and have a weak digestive tract, on the contrary, they often lose their sense of hunger and appetite. Therefore, to support the digestive tract, patients should supplement with probiotics once, and at the same time add multivitamin – mineral tablets for adults, or multivitamin – mineral syrups/granules for children. Patients have a feeling of hunger, appetite, eat better, the body recovers faster.
Increase vegetables: Antioxidant vitamins and minerals that have a good effect on people after treatment are vitamins A, C, D, E and minerals such as iron, zinc … have a role in anti-inflammatory, anti-infective. Vegetables are a good source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
Vitamins and minerals have a very important role to help improve resistance and immunity against viruses and bacteria that cause disease. Eat dark green vegetables and red or yellow fruits that contain a lot of vitamins A, C, and E. In addition, vegetables also contribute to better digestion, limit cholesterol absorption, and limit constipation. The need for green vegetables and fruits is 400-600 g/person/day.
Increase water replenishment: F0 often loses water and some electrolytes such as sodium and potassium due to fever, pneumonia and infection, so increase water intake to compensate for lost water, help the body recover quickly. The types of water are processed very simply from green vegetables, fruits and many other types depending on the preferences of each person.
Food should be limited: Do not eat salty foods and foods with a lot of salt such as sausages, sausages, canned goods, seafood, dry food, pickled foods… Limit fatty foods, fried foods , fried, baked because it is difficult to digest. Limit sweets, soft drinks, and carbonated drinks. Do not drink water before or during meals.
Doctor Nguyen Van Tien
Nutrition Education and Communication Center, Institute of Nutrition