Psoriasis in the ear – VnExpress

Psoriasis with dry, red scaly skin around the ears, can cause excess skin to build up, causing deafness.

Psoriasis is an overactive immune system that rapidly produces excess skin cells that accumulate on the ears, elbows, knees, legs, back, and scalp. Sometimes psoriasis appears on sensitive parts of the body.

Healthy skin cells take about 28 days to reproduce. During this time, the body sheds old skin cells, making room for new ones. In people with psoriasis, the body makes new skin cells in three to four days. However, this time is not enough for the old cells to slough off, leading to the accumulation of old and new cells on the skin (ears, head, face…) with thick, red or silvery scales. These scabs can cause pain, itching, cracking, and bleeding.

It is very rare for people to have psoriasis of the ears. If acquired, the patient can lose confidence by the dry skin and thick scabs on the face, in and around the ears. Over time, the disease may spread or worsen in some people. If scabs and wax build up inside the ear, it can lead to blockage, causing itching, pain, and hearing loss.

Causes and effects

According to research by the American Academy of Family Physicians, psoriasis is not spread from one body part to another by scratching or touching, nor is it contagious to others by contact. Stress or cuts, scrapes, sunburn, and other trauma to the ear skin can all cause this condition. Illnesses such as sore throats, ear infections, tonsillitis, and colds that cause the immune system to work, can trigger a flare-up of psoriasis. Certain medications such as high blood pressure, heart disease, arthritis, mental health disorders, and malaria can make symptoms worse.

A Chinese study found that people with psoriasis of the ears were more likely to have sudden deafness, which usually occurs in people over 50 years old. It is caused by the immune system’s overgrowth of skin that damages part of the inner ear. This rapid form of hearing loss can be very short-lived or last several days. Some patients regain some or all of their hearing spontaneously within two to three weeks. Patients with ear psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis should have regular hearing tests to detect and treat ear problems early.

Treatment and prevention

There is currently no cure for psoriasis, but it can be controlled with medication. Patients with ear psoriasis require ongoing care and treatment to control thickening episodes and avoid hearing complications.

When you have psoriasis in the ears, you can apply a number of treatments such as liquid steroids in the form of ear drops, liquid steroids combined with vitamin D cream, anti-dandruff shampoos that help clean the ears and kill fungi, medications that reduce the symptoms of psoriasis. immune system activity. Some topical creams and ointments can damage the delicate eardrum, which is not suitable for use in the ear. Patients should ask their doctor about safe medications before treating them at home.

If psoriasis on the ear interferes with hearing or causes discomfort, you should see a doctor to have the scales and earwax removed safely. Do not pick your ear or try to remove the scab from the ear with a cotton swab or hard object, as this can push debris deep into the ear, causing blockage, damage to the eardrum, or skin damage. Avoiding pathogens as much as possible helps control ear psoriasis in particular and in other parts in general.

Mai Cat
(Follow Medical News Today)


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