This is a key step for candidates who have not yet received a positive response on Parcoursup. While the main phase continues until July 15 and the waiting lists dwindle over the withdrawals, another phase, complementary, opens this Thursday, June 23. It will continue until mid-September.
Without renouncing their initial wishes, future baccalaureate holders, reorientation students and people resuming studies can apply for the 5,300 courses (out of 20,000) that have not been filled. “As soon as a training course has not reached its reception capacity when it has called all the candidates on the waiting list, it switches to the complementary phase”explains Jérôme Teillard, Parcoursup project manager at the Ministry of Higher Education.
Licenses and selective training
Last year, a third of the courses concerned were university licenses, sometimes offering a large number of places. This year again, this is often the case in letters and human sciences, in classics for example or in German, while other disciplines generally appear in tension, such as Staps (1), law or studies of health.
Certain scientific fields are not spared by this relative disaffection. “In physics, where the courses have diversified a lot, the license is in competition with preparatory schools, post-baccalaureate engineering schools and certain IUTs”notes Guillaume Gellé, the president of the University of Reims.
Two-thirds of the formations putting places into play as part of the complementary phase are selective. “It can be BTS in the field of production, where demand is traditionally less strong”cites Jérôme Teillard as an example. “It can also be training that is increasingly in demand on a work-study basis and which still has places under student status”, he continues. Another situation: that of university technology bachelors, ex-DUTs, “in areas where the pool of technological baccalaureate holders is weak”.
The geographical factor is often decisive. In Île-de-France, the pressure is strong on many formations. Conversely, observes Sophie Béjean, the rector of Montpellier, “prepas or BTS, located far from major urban centers, are struggling to fill up”. Which does not mean, she insists, that these training courses have no raison d’être, in terms of further studies and professional integration.
This situation pleads, she believes, for greater mobility, with specific aid of €500 which last year benefited 20,000 high school students with scholarships. “A point to which the commissions for access to higher education are attentive, which accompany, each summer, the candidates without solution. »
Last year, 6% of neo-bachelors remained without a solution
Last year, 82,000 candidates finally found training thanks to the complementary procedure. “A procedure surrounded by great vagueness, like the whole of Parcoursup”judges the president of Unef, Imane Ouelhadj. “Some candidates had the unpleasant surprise of discovering that a course offered places in the additional phase, while they were still on its waiting list for the main phase”she assures. “Having to resort to this procedure is like being told that you don’t really have the legitimacy to continue in higher education”, does she think.
The fact remains that in 2021, 6% of new baccalaureate holders have not received any offers. Even though many places remained available. Proof that adjusting supply to demand is a headache. “When, in a discipline, we recruit a teacher-researcher under the status of the public service, it is until retirement”recalls Guillaume Gellé. “And we can’t ask him a few years later to teach a completely different subject where the needs, in the meantime, would have increased…”
We must also not lose sight of the fact that the university has a dual mission of training and research, he insists. “If we seek, in such and such a field, to adjust our numbers to those of our students, we risk weakening research. »
The figures of the main phase
On June 22, approximately 540,000 high school students out of the 622,000 registered had received at least one training proposal, ie 86% (two points more than last year at the same stage). Just over 4,000 had left the platform without a proposal.
Of the 185,000 students in reorientation, 135,000 had obtained at least one training course.
This year, candidates issued nearly 11.6 million wishes and sub-wishes for training under student status (+0.8%).
More numerous in this session (7,500 compared to 5,900 in 2021), apprenticeship training totaled more than 900,000 wishes, formulated by 191,000 candidates.