How to accelerate social mix within higher education? In a recent report submitted to Frédérique Vidal, Minister of Higher Education, the Director General of Public Assistance-Paris Hospitals, Martin Hirsch, proposed to use Parcoursup as a ” the sink “ for “Increase the percentage of scholarship holders where they are significantly under-represented”.
A helping hand for scholarship candidates
This track is not new. As Jérôme Teillard, the “Monsieur Parcoursup” of the ministry, reminds us, the platform already makes it possible to give a boost to scholarship candidates. “If a course has 12 scholarship holders for 100 applicants, we can program the algorithm so that the proportion of scholarship holders receiving a registration proposal is higher, bringing it to 14%. This addition of at least two points applies to all public training courses ”, he insists, specifying that some of them will ” well beyond “.
This “voluntarism” is shared by private higher education establishments of general interest – non-profit establishments created by associations, foundations recognized as being of public utility, or professional unions – such as by Renasup, which brings together the training courses of the higher offered by Catholic education. “We have entered into an agreement with the ministry to fully participate in this public service mission, with our own rules which can approach his”, comments Yves Ruellan, President of Renasup. The establishments in its network are committed ” to have at least the same proportion of scholarship holders among those receiving a favorable opinion as among all applicants ”.
Furthermore, notes Jérôme Teillard, “Parcoursup incorporates the quotas of pro and techno baccalaureate holders into its algorithms (often more modest socially Editor’s note) fixed by the rectors respectively for BTS and DUT ”. A measure resulting from a 2013 law “But which did not take into account the old APB platform”.
“Fight against self-censorship”
Is this policy bearing fruit? In its latest report, the Ethics and Scientific Committee of Parcoursup notes that in 2018, 51% of training had applied a quota of scholarship holders lower than the proportion of scholarship holders among the candidates. A proportion that fell to 2% a year later. However, “The percentage of scholarship holders among the admitted candidates is increasing only slightly”, recognizes the report. Because candidates who have obtained a proposal in a training course can decline it to take another path, or to join another closer or less ambitious.
Quotas are only part of the answer, recognizes Jérôme Teillard. “We must also fight against self-censorship, for example thanks to the Cordées de la représentation (2), whose number of beneficiaries will be increased to 200,000. And facilitate mobility with aid of € 500 granted to a growing number of young people. who have accepted a wish outside their academy. “
Quotas fall under ” hypocrisy “, Melanie Luce, president of UNEF. “They consist in correcting at the margin a device, Parcoursup, which introduces selection. Sorting is done on the basis of academic results, taking into account the characteristics of the original high schools. Results very largely correlated with the socio-cultural environment ”, she laments. And to recommend a return to the possibility which was given to the graduates to enroll in the university training of their choice.