Three Child Policy in China: Chinese provinces have announced a slew of supportive measures, including subsidizing pregnancy and childbirth expenses and tax exemptions for couples to have a third child. The purpose of this step is to stop the rapid decrease in the birth rate in the world’s most populous country. China’s national parliament, the National People’s Congress (NPC), formally approved the three-child policy in August. This is a big policy step to solve the deepening demographic crisis in the country.
The NPC passed an amended population and family planning law that allows Chinese couples to have up to three children. This is probably a move to address the problem of Chinese couples not being interested in having more children due to the cost of raising children. More than 20 provincial-level regions in China have amended their local child birth rules since the Population and Family Planning Act was passed in August.
Announcement of supportive measures in other areas including Beijing
According to the news of China’s state-run Xinhua news agency on Monday, several supportive measures have been announced in this regard, including Beijing, Sichuan and Jianxi, among other regions. These include granting paternity leave, extending the period of maternity leave and leave for marriage, and extending the period of paternity leave. “The government should take the lead in sharing the cost of pregnancy and childbirth,” said National Health Commission official Yang Wenzhong.
In 2016, China repealed the decades-old one-child policy, allowing all couples to have two children. China was allowed to have three children after the census showed that the growth rate of China’s population was slow.
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