Nelson Mandela Day: Today is Nelson Mandela’s birthday. This is a name that needs no introduction in the whole world. Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in South Africa. Apart from a politician, Mandela was a social activist. Like Mahatma Gandhi, he was a supporter of non-violence. It is said that the views of Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhi were very similar. Mandela considered Gandhi as his ideal. Mandela did many social reform works during his lifetime. In which the movement against apartheid in South Africa was the most prominent work. What one will tell about the personality of Nelson Mandela, his works testify to his personality. More than 250 prestigious awards have been given to Nelson Mandela for his best works. Mandela is the first non-Indian person to have been honored with the ‘Bharat Ratna’.
It also includes the Nobel Prize, the world’s most prestigious award. In 2009, the United Nations General Assembly declared Mandela’s birthday as ‘Mandela Day’, remembering Mandela’s struggle against apartheid. When Mandela was only 12 years old, the shadow of his father was lifted from his head. This was the reason why he had matured prematurely. Despite his father’s passing in his childhood, he had completed his school and college education. In 1941, Mandela left his village in search of livelihood and moved to Johannesburg where he worked in a law firm. Mandela had seen apartheid since childhood because of being black. Growing up, he had bitter experiences of racism even during his job. Let us bring you the big events of Mandela’s life that led him to this point. Apart from this, we also tell you about Mandela’s invaluable thoughts.
When the white typist ordered Mandela to shampoo
Mandela used to work as a typist in a company. There was a white female typist in this company. . After this incident, Mandela had fully understood how deep the roots of apartheid were in South Africa.
The event that inspired Mandela against apartheid
June 1873 when Mahatma Gandhi went to South Africa to fight a case. The white TT objected to seeing a black man in the first class compartment, when Gandhi refused to go to the third class citing the ticket, the TT picked up his luggage and threw him out of the compartment. This was the time when the blacks were inspired to fight against the British. Mandela was also inspired by this incident to raise his voice against the atrocities against blacks.
Became a member of the African National Congress in 1944
Mandela was determined to get rid of the atrocities against blacks. In 1944, Mandela became a member of the African National Congress. He used to give speeches in a simple way, there was neither passion nor any violent provocation in his speeches, yet the public used to join him very quickly. Gradually, Mandela’s popularity began to grow both within and outside the party. Soon he became the national vice president of the party. Such a rapidly growing popularity of a black did not suit the then government and because of the movements, he was sentenced to 5 years by prosecuting him for treason.
In the early stages, Mandela also believed in violence.
When Mandela was in his youth, his thinking was also violent during that time. Like other revolutionaries, he also believed in the fact that whatever was not obtained by asking for it, should be snatched by using weapons. When he came out after serving a sentence of 5 years, he once again chose the path of violence and this time organized a nationwide strike, after which the government got a chance and this time the government sentenced him to life imprisonment for the offense of treason and he was for 27 years. stay in jail.
Studied Gandhi and non-violence while in jail
It is said that some time is enough to change the nature of a person. When Mandela came out of prison after 27 years, he had completely changed. The reason behind this was that he read and practiced a lot about non-violence and Gandhi during his stay in jail. He learned that nonviolent protest is much more effective than violence. Violent protest requires capable fighters whereas nonviolent protest can be attended by anyone whether it is elderly, woman, handicapped or child. A large crowd of non-violentists used to run behind Mahatma Gandhi, this was his biggest strength.
Governments are also afraid of non-violent movements
While reading Gandhi and non-violence, Mandela knew very well that the government is also afraid of non-violent movements. Because governments find no excuse to suppress non-violent movements. If they suppress the agitators, they are subject to all-round criticism. Because of this, Mandela put all his emphasis in conveying his words and ideas to the public.
Mandela explained to the public the power of non-violence
Mandela had fully understood by now that no one could crush his non-violent movement. No power can destroy it. When the government tries its best to suppress a peaceful movement, it should be assumed that the rulers have understood the power of that movement.
Mandela told the public the most important mantra of non-violence
Mandela told the public about non-violence and took the public in his support, stating the most important mantra of non-violence. Mandela said, self-control is the most important mantra of non-violence. You have to control yourself no matter how much someone provokes you. While in prison, Mandela applied this rule to himself and succeeded. Mandela also started trying to understand his opponents i.e. the British and read many books about African people.
Won the trust of ‘whites’ after coming from jail
When Nelson Mandela came out of prison after 27 years in February 1990, blacks gave him a warm welcome. Most of the black people gathered in his rallies, but during this time he managed to win the trust of white people as well. Two years after his release, i.e. in 1992, a referendum on apartheid was held in South Africa. About 33 lakh white voters were asked whether they wanted to end the apartheid law. Of these, 69 per cent supported its abolition. By then Mandela had become very popular even among white people.
Journalist John Carlin told how Mandela became so great
The month of June 1995 and when Nelson Mandela arrived at the Rugby Stadium in Johannesburg, thousands of white men and women gave him a warm welcome and the whole stadium resonated with the slogans of ‘Nelson, Nelson’. . Let us tell you that this was the same mob that once considered Mandela a terrorist. How did Nelson Mandela become so great? British journalist John Carlin tells this thing that ‘Mandela saw the good in those people, about whom 99 out of 100 people said that they could never improve.’
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