The teaching profession is struggling to attract, and the mediator of national education and higher education, Catherine Becchetti-Bizot, has a way to remedy this. In its annual report, published on Monday July 25, it notes the large number of appeals related to mobility issues: “They constitute 17% of complaints (staff)i.e. nearly 600 referrals for the year 2021.”
The study highlights the difficulties of teachers who have previously held another job and who find themselves assigned to an academy very far from their home. This does not help to make a profession that is increasingly difficult to recruit attractive: more than 4,000 positions were not filled this year in teacher competitions.
A shortage of teachers in Île-de-France
Stéphane Crochet, secretary general of the SE-Unsa teacher union, broadens the question to the lack of mobility between academies for all teachers. According to him, the crux of the problem lies in the difficulties in recruiting in Île-de-France, which paralyzes the entire national territory. “In the second degree, the competitions are national, he details, a large number of new teachers therefore end up in Île-de-France, where teachers are badly needed. » The new winners of the competitions therefore have no other choice, if they are not from the Paris region, but to move.
However, Stéphane Crochet underlines that it is often possible, after a few years, to obtain an assignment in another academy. What is not the case in the first degree: “The competitions are academic and the assignment is made in the departmenthe continues. There are not enough candidates in Île-de-France, and therefore very few possibilities of leaving the academy, because no one can be found to replace the people transferred. »
According to him, this ” vicious circle “ discourages aspiring teachers from taking the competitions in the academies of Créteil or Versailles, because they know that they will no longer be able to leave them. Catherine Becchetti-Bizot also emphasizes that “if we want to keep teachers in their jobs, have motivated candidates, it is not by imprisoning them in academies that we will succeed in retaining them”.
Stéphane Crochet then recommends “to work to support students from Île-de-France who might want to teach, so that they pass the competitions”, because they are people already living in the region and who might want to stay there. That “would then restore fluidity” to the system.