Measures to reduce anal fistula at home – VnExpress

Anal fistulas can be corrected by drinking plenty of water, eating a high-fiber diet, or using a stool softener.

An anal fistula is a tear or rupture of the lining of the anal canal, where stool exits the body. Anal fistula causes pain, bleeding, discomfort, and affects quality of life. Anal fistula occurs when there is some type of trauma to the anal mucosa leading to symptoms such as discomfort, itching, pain during bowel movements, bleeding. Diarrhea and constipation can also cause anal fistulas, which occur during an attempt to have a bowel movement.

In addition, anal fissures sometimes occur during childbirth, especially after a difficult delivery or an assisted delivery. Some other conditions associated with primary anal fistula include hypothyroidism, obesity, tumors, conditions such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, syphilis also cause anal fistulas. secondary.

Anal fistula makes it difficult to have a bowel movement. Image: Freepik

While many anal fissures heal on their own or with assistance from dietary changes and home remedies, some anal fistulas require medical intervention.

Anal fistulas cause pain during bowel movements, so keeping stools soft is important to help stool pass easily so that the fissure is not further irritated by stool or strain. There are self-care measures that can help ease the pain of an anal fissure and help it heal faster.

Sitz Bathtub

Sitz tubs are small plastic tubs. You just fill a few centimeters of warm water into the tub, place it on the toilet seat, sit up to let the anal area soak in the water. Doing this for about 10-15 minutes at a time helps relieve pain and other symptoms in the anal area.

In some cases, Epsom salts or other products may be added to the water in the bath. However, you need to consult your doctor before doing so. Remember to clean the tub before soaking and maintain the recommended soaking time.


The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (USA) recommends that adult men and women get at least 38 grams of fiber for men and 25 grams of fiber for women each day. Eating the right amount of fiber helps keep stools from becoming too hard, causing constipation, and stools not being so loose that they cause diarrhea.

The stools are soft, pass easily through the fissure and help prevent stools from irritating the anus as much. Some recommended fiber such as high fiber bran cereals, legumes, whole wheat flakes, split peas, wheat bran, chickpeas, barley crackers, pumpkin seeds, Atisso..

Stool softener cream

Stool softeners help avoid constipation by pulling more water into the digestive tract to soften stools. Stool softeners come in liquid, capsule, and tablet forms. People with anal fistula should check with their healthcare provider about a stool softener that is helpful in improving anal fissures.

Drink more water

Dehydration or not having enough water in the body contributes to constipation. Drinking water helps soften stools and make them easier to pass.

Foods that are high in water such as fruits and vegetables also add to the body’s overall water intake. Foods with high water content like broccoli, spinach, cabbage, strawberries, cantaloupe, sweet peppers, celery, watermelon, lettuce.

Care for the skin around the anus

Keeping clean after a bowel movement is challenging with an anal fistula. If wiping is painful, you can try using a bidet or hand-held shower, which may be gentler on irritated skin.

Instead of toilet paper, people with anal fistula can try a gentle, fragrance-free wet washcloth. Softer felt towels can also help with anal fistulas.

For people who are prone to anal fistula, prevention is paramount. Good prevention will avoid anal trauma and associated discomforts. Try to keep stools soft and easy to pass, and prevent both constipation and diarrhea. Avoid straining when having a bowel movement, do not hold a bowel movement for a long time because it makes bowel movements more difficult.

Mr. Chi (According to VeryWellHealth)


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