Health

Many children are hospitalized due to vomiting and diarrhea


HanoiMany children were brought to the emergency room by their families due to vomiting, diarrhea, and doctors diagnosed gastrointestinal infections and unrelated hepatitis mysteriously occurring in countries.

Ms. Minh in Dinh Cong, on May 9, said that her 9-month-old child vomited and vomited for two days for unknown reasons. Baby does not eat strange food, does not travel anywhere. She participated in a forum for parents to share their experiences of taking care of young children at home, seeing that parents think that there is an epidemic of diarrhea, many people are worried about hepatitis of unknown cause in other countries. Worried that her child might have some unknown disease, Ms. Minh took her to the National Children’s Hospital.

A 4-year-old girl in Vinh Phuc was also taken to the National Children’s Hospital by her family members due to vomiting, fever, and non-stop defecation. Her mother said that she was treated at a local hospital for 5 days without relief, and has not been cured since 5/5 at the National Children’s Hospital. The doctor diagnosed the baby with a gastrointestinal infection and continued to monitor it closely.

Currently, the Department of Gastroenterology, National Children’s Hospital, every day examines about 200 children, of which 10-20 children have symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea, a much higher increase compared to the time before the holiday on April 30. Ha Dong General Hospital (Hanoi) examines 10-30 children per day, 40 pediatric patients are being treated as inpatients. The Department of Pediatrics, Hung Vuong General Hospital also received dozens of children with digestive diseases, poor eating habits, electrolyte disorders, low blood sugar…

Associate Professor, Dr. Nguyen Thi Viet Ha, Head of Gastroenterology Department, National Children’s Hospital, said that now starting in the summer, hot weather makes food susceptible to bacteria, insects such as flies, Mosquitoes, cockroaches, ants… proliferate and spread pathogens. Therefore, summer is also the season when children are prone to gastrointestinal diseases.

It is not unusual for many children with digestive diseases to be hospitalized as above, according to Dr. Ha. However, at present, more than 20 countries have cases of acute hepatitis of unknown cause, so many families are worried that their children will have this disease, so they should take them to the hospital.

“The hospitalized children have all been tested, the results have not found a cause related to the liver and bile, maybe the disease is caused by a viral or bacterial infection,” said Dr. Ha.

Doctor Tran Thi Cuom, Deputy Head of Pediatrics Department, Hung Vuong General Hospital (Phu Tho), also shared that many parents are concerned that their children have infectious diseases, so they rush to the hospital for examination, creating the impression that the number of patients has increased. . In fact, gastrointestinal diseases often occur in the summer – a favorable environment for bacteria and viruses to enter the body to cause disease.

A 9-month-old girl with diarrhea, vomiting, and fever was treated at the National Children’s Hospital on May 9. Image: Chile

Experts advise parents not to panic. worry when your child is sick, but need to calm down, assess how your child’s symptoms appear, for example, sooner or later, related to daily meals… If symptoms appear after a day At a group meal or a trip, parents can think of the cause of food poisoning. In case the child goes to school, there are many children in the class with the same disease, they may be infected with viruses and bacteria.

According to Dr. Ha, children under 5 years old often have acute diarrhea caused by rotavirus. Vaccinated children can still have diarrhea caused by norovirus, calicivirus, or adenovirus. Research in the world shows that 30-40% of children with Covid also have gastrointestinal symptoms such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea; 10% of children have abdominal pain, vomiting after recovering from Covid 4-6 weeks.

When a child has diarrhea, the family can add oresol mixed with a full amount of water according to the instructions for use, to avoid giving too concentrated oresol solution to cause electrolyte disturbances and convulsions. Industrial soft drinks should not be used because they contain a lot of sugar and are easily absorbed into the blood; Also, don’t just drink water to rehydrate, cause electrolyte disturbances and make children more tired.

Adults also do not arbitrarily give children antibiotics because it can cause intestinal disorders, leading to unwanted effects of antibiotics. Avoid taking medicine to prevent vomiting and diarrhea because it will reduce intestinal motility, not eliminate the cause of infection, making the disease tend to last.

Avoid giving children more food when vomiting, or stop using familiar foods every day to reduce digestive disorders. Meals for children with digestive diseases need adequate nutrition, should not be abstinent, leading to slow recovery of intestinal mucosa and malnutrition.

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Chile

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