A generalized headache, a single headache, a frontal headache, and a pain in the back of the head can all be signs of a number of different illnesses.
According to VeryWellHealth, Most people experience a headache at some point. Based on the location of the headache is the easiest way to classify and get detailed information about the pain being experienced. Headaches are divided into primary headaches (pain at the site of injury) and secondary headaches (pain caused by another medical condition). Secondary headaches are less common and arise from an underlying health problem.
Below are the primary and secondary possible causes of headaches based on the location of the pain.
Whole head pain
You have pain in the entire head, not localized to a specific location. Primary headaches in the entire head include:
Tension-type headache: pressure on both sides of the head, feeling like a bandage is on the head, possibly related to sensitivity to light or sound.
Migraine Migraine: often causes a sharp pain on both sides or one side of the head and is worse when the body is engaged in vigorous exercise. This pain tends to be more debilitating than tension-type headaches because it is more likely to be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light or sound.
Types of headaches secondary to the whole head include:
Post-infectious headache: It is described as a sharp pain, usually caused by the virus that causes colds, flu, or Covid-19.
Post-traumatic headache: occurs after trauma such as traumatic brain injury, often with symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and memory problems.
Meningitis headache: is an inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, with generalized pain, fever, and stiff neck.
Headaches caused by brain tumors: feel like a dull migraine or tension-type headache, which may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Headaches caused by stroke: Because ischemia occurs when an artery supplying blood to the brain is blocked, it feels like a migraine or tension-type headache.
Thunderstorm headache: is a sudden, severe headache that is usually caused by a subarachnoid hemorrhage from a hemorrhagic stroke (an artery in the brain bursts and bleeds).
Pain on one side of the head
Unilateral headache is when pain can only be felt on one side of the head, which can include the following locations and causes.
Migraine Migraine: These migraines often occur on one side of the head, although they also affect the entire head.
Cluster headaches: manifests as severe pain around the eye, the temple on one side of the head, often with flushed skin, sweating, red eyes, watery eyes, stuffy nose, and restlessness.
Migraine hemicrania continua: Presented by persistent, daily pain on one side of the head, symptoms usually last for 3 months or more. This is a rare type of headache that may be accompanied by red or watery eyes, runny or stuffy nose, sweating, and flushing on one side of the face on the same side of the headache.
Headache due to paroxysmal hypertension: causes a sharp, stabbing pain that begins and ends abruptly. This rare pain is usually around or behind the eyes or temples; Some cases occur on the forehead or back of the head.
In addition, migraine headaches can also occur due togiant cell arteritis (GCA) – a type of vasculitis in the branches of the great cervical artery. GCA headaches are intense and can occur anywhere, but are usually localized to one side of the head near the temple. Other symptoms include scalp pain, vision changes, jaw pain when chewing, and unintended weight loss.
This is a type of headache where the pain is concentrated in the head or forehead area alone. The primary type of headache associated with frontal headaches includes tension headaches, migraine headaches, and cluster headaches (localized on one side of the head, often near the temples, eyes, or forehead). Headaches in the frontal region are also classified according to the condition such as:
Sinusitis headache: often causes a feeling of heaviness or pressure in the forehead or cheekbones, arising from a sinus infection, viral, bacterial, or allergic reaction. Accompanying symptoms may include nasal congestion and runny nose.
Giant cell arteritis: Usually occurs near the temples but can also occur on the forehead.
Pain in the back of the head
The primary type of headache at the back of the head is a tension-type headache that often feels like a pain around the head. However, in some cases, they can be concentrated in the back of the head. Secondary types of headaches that cause pain in the back of the head include:
Occipital neuralgia develops: when one of the occipital nerves (which go from the top part of the spinal cord to the back of the skull) gets stuck, irritated, or damaged. The headache is piercing or throbbing and moves from the base of the skull to the sides and front of the head.
Pain due to internal hypotension: Spontaneous craniopathy occurs when there is low spinal fluid pressure in the brain, causing a severe headache that is usually located at the back of the head. Headache that gets worse when standing or sitting and goes away after lying down.
Cervicogenic headache: It is a unilateral headache that begins in the neck and spreads from the back of the head to the front. They can result from arthritis in the upper spine, a pinched nerve, or an injury.
Most headaches will go away on their own with medication, simple measures like rest, or addressing the underlying cause. However, you need to see a doctor if you have some signs such as headaches that occur more often or affect daily activities, headaches in people with cancer or HIV virus, age 65 or older. and was experiencing a new type of headache. Headaches that occur when sneezing, coughing or exercising, and headaches that recur from frequent pain relievers (signs of drug abuse) also require medical attention.
Mr. Chi (According to VeryWellHealth)