UTIs are caused by bacteria that grow in the urethra, kidneys, and bladder, but this disease is not contagious.
A urinary tract infection or inflammation is a bacterial infection that grows in the urinary tract including the urethra, kidneys, ureters, and bladder. When infected, there are usually symptoms such as frequent urination, pain, burning when urinating, cloudy urine, bad smell, red, pink, orange color, abdominal pain, lower back, fatigue, fever…
According to experts, UTI is not a sexually transmitted infection or a contagious disease that spreads quickly. However, having sex can increase your risk of developing UTIs. UTIs occur when E. Coli bacteria in a person’s intestines move and grow in the urinary tract. This condition can affect the ureters, kidneys, and bladder. If not treated early, the infection can travel to the urinary tract, infecting the kidneys.
Some sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis (which causes vaginal infections in women and the male genital tract), can affect the urinary tract, causing symptoms that resemble inflammation. Urinary. In addition, UTIs are not transmitted from the toilet seat, because the urethra of men and women does not touch the toilet seat.
Women have a higher risk of UTIs because the urethra is shorter than men, allowing bacteria to move and grow. According to the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) (USA), about 40-60% of women will develop UTIs in their lifetime. Most women get UTIs from a bladder infection.
In case you have kidney stones, have bladder problems, have to use a urinary catheter, have diabetes, have a weak immune system, have a urinary tract infection, etc., there is also a high risk of urinary tract infections. In a 2016 study of urinary tract infection rates and antibiotic susceptibility among diabetics with controlled and uncontrolled blood sugar in Kuwait, Dasman Diabetes Institute researchers Detecting uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause nerve damage, poor blood circulation. Therefore, people with diabetes are more likely to develop urinary tract infections.
To diagnose a UTI, your doctor will use a urinalysis, which checks for blood cells and bacteria in a urine sample. The specialist may also use a urine culture to determine the type of bacteria causing the infection or X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound.
In addition to the diagnosis, doctors often prescribe antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections. The dose, type of antibiotic, and duration of therapy depend on the individual’s medical history and the severity of the infection. UTI symptoms may go away after a person takes antibiotics.
Although people with UTIs can have safe sex, patients should contact their doctor for early examination and treatment if new symptoms arise such as lower back pain, abdominal pain, vaginal pain, etc. Penis abnormal discharge, fever, chills, nausea.
To proactively prevent UTIs, each person needs to change their lifestyle by drinking plenty of water, urinating as soon as the need arises, urinating before and after sex, safe sex, and hygiene. clean genitalia.
Minh Thuy (Follow Medical News Today, Medicinenet)