What are the dangers to both mother and baby with fraternal twins, doctor? (Lan Nguyen)
Fraternal twins have two different placentas, which means two different sets of genetic material. People call it “pseudo-twin pregnancy”, meaning two babies conceived at the same time but from two completely different embryos. There is no risk of sharing the placenta, sharing the amniotic cavity… so the risk of pathology is almost nonexistent.
However, in twins, even if they are twins with two different placentas, there are still certain risks. The first is the risk for the mother such as: pre-eclampsia, diabetes, anemia, infection, threats of preterm birth… As for the fetus, although the placenta is different, the growth rate is not In balance, intrauterine growth retardation is much higher than that of a singleton pregnancy.
In addition, more than 50% of twin pregnancies are at risk of preterm birth.
Therefore, women should not be subjective, need periodic examination to see if the cervix is long or short, at risk of miscarriage, premature birth, pre-eclampsia or not…
The mother’s diet is also very important. Many people think that carrying twins needs to eat a lot, leading to diabetes. Usually, diabetes often leads to polyhydramnios – one of the major causes of miscarriage and premature birth.
MSc. BS. Dinh Thi Hien Le
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tam Anh General Hospital, Hanoi