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India’s position improves in gender equality, up 5 places from last year, Pakistan second worst country

World Economic Forum Report: India has been ranked 135th in the world in terms of gender parity in a report by the World Economic Forum (WEF). However, it has climbed five places since last year, outperforming in the areas of economic participation and opportunity. According to the WEF’s Annual Gender Gap Report 2022 released in Geneva, Iceland leads the world as the most gender-equal country, followed by Finland, Norway, New Zealand and Sweden.

Only 11 countries are below India in the index of 146 countries. At the same time, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Congo, Iran and Chad are included in the bottom five countries in the list.

What did the World Economic Forum warn?

The World Economic Forum has warned that women in the world are likely to be most affected by the crisis of livelihood. With the increasing gender gap in the labor force, it will take another 132 years (compared to 136 years in 2021) to bridge the gender gap. The report further states that COVID-19 has pushed gender equality back a generation and its weak recovery rate is further affecting it globally.

India registered a positive change

The WEF has said about India that its gender gap score has been recorded at its seventh highest level in the last 16 years, but it is among the worst performing countries on various parameters. Since last year, India has registered the most significant and positive changes in its performance on economic partnership and opportunity. Labor force participation has reduced from 2021 onwards for both men and women. The share of women MPs or MLAs, senior officials and managers has increased from 14.6 per cent to 17.6 per cent.

Gender equality score better in terms of income

The share of women as professional and technical workers has increased from 29.2 per cent to 32.9 per cent. The gender equality score has improved in terms of estimated earned income, while its value has decreased for men and women. At the same time, there has been a greater decrease in women than men in this context. The occurrence of marks in the sub-index of political empowerment is reflected in the decline in the number of years of women’s participation as heads of state in the last 50 years. However, India is ranked 48th in this sub-index which is relatively high.

India ranks first in primary education gender equality

India ranks 146th in the Health and Life Expectancy Index and is one of the five countries with a gender gap of more than five percent. The other four countries are Qatar, Pakistan, Azerbaijan and China. However, India ranks first in the world in terms of gender parity for admission to primary education. WEF Managing Director Sadia Zahidi said the cost of living crisis after the labor market was hit during the pandemic had hit women hard.

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