Health

India managed to control Covid-19


India is working to increase medical oxygen, impose a blockade, expand vaccination and call for relief to bring the country out of the Covid disaster.

India is currently the second largest epidemic region in the world. On April 27, the country recorded more than 300,000 cases and about 2,700 deaths. Since the beginning of April, the number of Covid-19 patients has skyrocketed. Overcrowded hospitals, a shortage of hospital beds and medical oxygen.

Amid the rapidly increasing number of infections, India blockage state and city series. New Delhi applies a social gap from April 19 to May 3. The areas where many Covid-19 patients were recorded, such as Jammu, Kashmir, Telengana, Uttar Pradesh … were blocked.

To control the spread of the virus, reduce the loss of life and livelihoods, Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged states to use blockades only as a “last resort”. Speaking at a meeting on April 21, he urged the local government to consider banning gathering, allowing the closure of each location in the city instead of a wide-ranging blockade.

“In this situation, we have to keep the country from a standstill,” Prime Minister Modi said.

Market in Delhi closed to prevent nCoV infection, on April 23. Image: Reuters

Modi also recommended state governments to ensure migrant workers can still work without leaving home, and vaccinate this population according to regulations.

The Ministry of Interior of India suggested state and territory authorities tighten travel restrictions, implement quarantine measures for at least 14 days.

To deal with the shortage oxygen, medical suppliesIndia applies the Disaster Management Act 2005. Accordingly, all liquid oxygen, including goods produced by private factories, will be transferred to the government for medical purposes. Oxygen transporters are allowed to travel freely between states without any restrictions. Judges, senior members of police agencies are responsible for navigating and ensuring oxygen is present at the hospital at the right time.

According to local media, nearly 50% of the current supply comes from steel companies. The industry has a capacity to produce 60,000-70,000 tons of oxygen for use at the synthesis plant.

The railway sector organizes these oxygen express train to rescue many localities across the country. On April 23, the Ministry of Defense announced that 23 mobile oxygen-generating plants would be shipped to India from Germany by air. On April 24, the air force carried four frozen oxygen trucks from Singapore. New Delhi also said it would install 44 oxygen production stations within a month.

The biggest bottleneck right now is the shortage of large cryogenic storage tanks for liquid oxygen, according to TV Narendran, president of the Federation of Indian Industries (CII). Each tank has two layers of vacuum insulation, storing medical oxygen at a temperature of -180 degrees C for pumping into smaller bottles.

“Before the Covid-19 outbreak, the tank was transferred to the hospital once a week for oxygen. But now the hospital requires a daily supply,” said Munjal Mehta, director of the tank manufacturing company. Shell-n-Tube, says.

To overcome this, the Indian government proposed the measure to convert liquid nitrogen tanks into oxygen tanks. According to the Department of Industrial Promotion and Internal Trade, the country has 434 argon gas tanks and 765 nitrogen gas tanks. Sources know that about 50% of this will be converted to oxygen.

India is also calling international assistance. Many countries are joining hands to help them cope with the second Covid-19 wave.

On April 24, Saudi Arab sent 80 tons of liquid oxygen to India through shipping companies Adani Group and Linde. He has sent 140 ventilators and 495 oxygen generators to New Delhi, and is expected to replenish aid next week.

Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said the country is considering donating Covid-19 test kit, medicine and personal protective gear to India. Many health experts also urged the US to lift the ban on exports of vaccine materials, and move the AstraZeneca stockpile to empty to the country of 1.3 billion people struggling with the epidemic wave.

Medical oxygen refilling workers at Ahmedabad, India, April 25.  Photo: Reuters

Medical oxygen refilling workers at Ahmedabad, India, April 25. Image: Reuters

India has expanded vaccination campaign Covid-19 for all persons 18 years of age or older as of 1 May. However, it is unclear whether the country has enough vaccines to vaccinate 900 million eligible people. There is a serious shortage of supply.

While the central government funds vaccines for people over 45, the states will have to buy vaccines for people aged 18-45. The government has no plans to use imported vaccines, but private companies are free to negotiate with foreign partners.

After India allowed the Serum Institute and the Bharat Biotech to set its own prices for vaccines to be sold to state governments and private hospitals, a major controversy erupted.

The states were told that each dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine cost 400 rupees ($ 5.35), much higher than the central government’s 150 rupe ($ 2) dose. The price of Covaxin is 600 rupees ($ 8) per dose. Private hospitals have to pay higher prices. Governments in several states such as Delhi and West Bengal have said they will bear the full cost, and vaccinate everyone free.

According to the “Phase 3 Immunization Program Acceleration and Liberalization Strategy”, Indian vaccine manufacturers will provide 50% of the monthly dose to the central government. The remaining 50% of vaccines are provided arbitrarily to the state government and commercial market.

Thuc Linh (According to the Times Of India, India Express, India Today, CNN)

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