Folliculitis in the beard area is common in men who often shave, constant discomfort, many swellings; This can be prevented and reduced in many ways.
Shaving folliculitis manifests as papules, pustules, and scaly slides at the hair follicle openings. The infection can spread deeper than the entire hair follicle, which can turn into boils, more severe boils or inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue.
Manifestations of the disease are red papules or pustules in the hair follicles, surrounded by a red halo, which when broken, leaves small scratches with yellow scales. In some cases, the patient only has a few scattered small pimples, but sometimes it gathers into a cluster of inflammatory acne in the mustache, chin…
Favorable factors causing folliculitis are hot climate, high humidity, polluted environment, dust. Wet skin areas such as armpits, groin, genitals – anus, buttocks are very often inflamed. Most cases of folliculitis are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (Staphylococcus aureus), but can also be caused by gram-negative bacteria, Pseudomonas, Proteus, Demodex…
To prevent and reduce folliculitis caused by shaving, note the following:
Let the beard grow back
Short, coarse, curly hairs can curl into the skin. The skin then reacts to these ingrown hairs, causing folliculitis or post-shave swelling. Therefore, should stop shaving for a while, short hairs will grow and come out of the skin, helping the skin to heal.
Change the way you shave
Do not stretch your skin while shaving and do not pluck hairs inside the razor, as this can cause new post-shave scratches and aggravate existing inflammatory bumps. Shave in the direction of beard growth (shave in the direction of beard growth).
Determine the direction of beard growth
Look in the mirror, stretch the skin in the beard area and look closely, then raise your head to see how the hair grows under the chin.
If the beard grows in different directions, use a soft, clean, unused toothbrush to gently brush the beard in one direction. Doing this daily will help your beard grow in one direction, which can significantly reduce scratches caused by new razors.
Wash your face with a mild, non-comedogenic cleanser
Using a washcloth or soft-bristled brush, apply the cleanser in a circular motion. This gentle massage-like motion helps remove dead skin cells, which can reduce the amount of hairs curling back into the skin. Wash your face thoroughly with warm water to remove all the cleanser.
Keep a warm compress on the beard area for 5 minutes, or shave after showering
Warmth and moisture cause the hairs to swell, making them less likely to curl into the skin after shaving. Warm compresses also help loosen curled hairs into the skin and soothe razor scrapes. To make a warm compress, place a clean towel under hot running water, wringing out excess water. Then put the towel on the beard area for 5 minutes. If shaving at the end of a shower, an anti-fog mirror should be used.
Apply moisturizing shaving cream, even when using an electric razor
Leave the shaving cream on your skin for a minute or two. Before picking up the razor, make sure the shaving cream is wet. If your skin is dry before shaving, wash your face. Then reapply, this time using more cream to keep it from drying out.
Shave slowly in the direction of hair growth
Use a razor with a sharp blade or a wet/dry electric razor. If the hair is growing in different directions, shave in the direction in which the hair is growing.
Things to do when shaving
Use short shaving strokes and don’t shave over an area more than twice.
When using a single-blade razor, rinse the blade after each stroke.
Avoid shaving too close or putting too much pressure on the skin.
To reduce the risk of razor bumps, replace single-blade razor blades after 5-7 shaves (or throw away disposable razors). Dull blades greatly increase the risk of razor bumps.
Rinse off the shaving cream with warm water. Wash gently but thoroughly. Shaving cream left on the skin can cause skin irritation.
Turn on the faucet and place a cool compress on the skin. For a cool compress, place a clean towel under cool running water. Once the towel is wet, place it on the shaved area and leave it on for 5 minutes.
Apply the right aftershave products to reduce the risk of folliculitis and skin irritation. If this product causes burning or stinging, discontinue use and try another one.
Dry the razor and store it in a dry place. This prevents bacteria from growing on the razor. Never leave the razor under the shower or over a damp sink.
Doctor Doan Van Loi Em
Deputy Head of Medical Examination Department, Ho Chi Minh City Hospital of Dermatology